21 cities of the Ganges drain 60% of the Malmutra River in the basin: CSE report

21 cities of the Ganges drain 60% of the Malmutra River in the basin: CSE report

In 21 priority cities and towns along the Ganges, 60% of the population has either directly or indirectly fallen into the river due to water pollution Says A new study by Center for Science and Environment (CSE). It maps the entire path of sewage waste from beginning to end. Places including Rishikesh, Bijnor, Kanpur, Varanasi, Prayagraj, Patna and Haldia.
the study , Which was held over a period of three years , In a bid to demonstrate has been submitted to the National Mission for Clean Ganga Breakdown in hygiene value chain Through a data-driven approach.
In cities with a population of more than 5 lakhs – Kanpur, Prayagraj, Varanasi and Patna – 52% sewage sludge ( a mixture of Produced feces and water) is not safely managed. this is Small towns with a population of 1.2–5 lakh like Mirzapur and Farukhabad, where 84% of the sludge lives. In these cities, 85% of the population is not connected to a sewerage network and relies on onsite sanitation systems such as septic tanks and pits. In cities like Ramnagar, Rishikesh, Bijnor, Mughalsarai with a population of less than 1.2 lakhs, about 56% of the population never empties their tanks or gets them evacuated only after 15-20 years.
From THere, a large part of the mud ends in open drains, ravines, or open fields, and Again in the river. This untreated sludge also reaches the ground water, which then goes back into the houses Contaminated water form that causes a no. Of Water borne diseases like cholera, jaundice, typhoid and dysentery.
Dr Suresh Rohilla, director , Water program , More in CSE Lead author of the study , What was said, I amf A truckload of 5,000 liters of sewage is dumped in any water body, this is equivalent to defecating 5,000 people in a day. The presence of human waste in water increases its BOD , Or organic oxygen demand, which is a major cause of river pollution .
The study also found that in these 21 cities, 2% of the population still defecates in the open. ; No city is 100% sewage and only 15% of sewage sludge is treated.
Report good The problem of manual scavenging was also highlighted Ie Uncontrolled , Especially in cities with less than 5 lakh population Where private operators remove the sludge.
In addition to highlighting flaws in human emissions management, Cse The study also suggests remedial measures, such as construction of sewage sludge management plants, construction of trenching sites (a biochemical method of waste disposal) and manpower and efficient for the collection and transport of sewage sludge and dripping. Equipment rental.

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