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The new measures, which follow the mass migration of millions of workers — both in the informal and formal economy during the lockdown, are proposed under an updated Code of Social Security that the Labor Ministry will soon take into the Union Cabinet. The center plans to enact a law on it by the end of the year.
Labor minister Santosh Gangwar It was confirmed that Legal framework Was being strengthened and may have to undergo some further changes to the proposed code proposed by the Parliamentary Standing Committee headed by BJD MP Bhartruhari Mahtab.
The move is considered significant as the current legal framework is inadequate, something that was highlighted by the migrant migration, which lacked any sort of record of employment, which prompted a serious rethink in the government. The Inter-State Migrant Workers Act, 1979 applies to five or more inter-state establishments. migrant workers And their hiring contractors. “This would mean that most migrant workers would be outside the purview of the law today,” said an official.
The proposed legal framework would apply to individual migrant workers who earn up to a specified amount with the domestic structure. While ceiling wages will be defined through an executive order, the law will provide for this. Sources said that these workers will get the benefit of portability of benefits across the country and will be paid a fare to go home once every year.
A key element of the plan is to allocate an unorganized Workers Identification Number (U-Win) to workers in the unorganized sector, which was determined through a law in 2008, but not much progress has been made. The center is now trying to make it attractive by registering social security benefits for workers, such as pensions and healthcare, while also asking to specify if they are migrants.
Through this practice, a base-linked national database is proposed to be created, which can be accessed by the Center and the States, with the latter playing a key role in the creation of records.
Although the pension scheme is already in force for workers in the unorganized sector, officials said that a key element would allow them to enroll for ESIC on payment of nominal fees, a benefit that would be required for those working in hazardous units and plantations. Can be increased. In any case, the scope of ESIC is being expanded so that health facilities are available to the beneficiaries in the districts.
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