NEW DELHI: Air pollution, high blood pressure, tobacco use, poor diet and high Blood sugar Levels were top five The riskFactors According to death in india in 2019 New study.
The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study published in the journal Lancet on Friday assessed more than 286 causes of death and 369 illnesses and injuries in more than 200 countries and territories worldwide.
It was noted that India has achieved more than a decade of life expectancy since 1990, but with wide disparities between states.
According to the researchers, the Srinivas pill from the Indian Institute of Public Health also contains Gandhinagar, Life expectancy in India has increased from 59.6 years in 1990 to 70.8 years in 2019, from 77.3 years Kerala 66.9 years Uttar Pradesh.
However, he said that the rise in ‘healthy life expectancy’ in India is not as dramatic, since the rise in life expectancy “has led to more years of people living with illness and disability.
The study found that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as ischemic heart disease, COPD, diabetes and stroke were the biggest contributors to increasing health impairment in India in the last 30 years.
In 2019, research said that the top five The riskFactors Deaths in India were air pollution (estimated to contribute 1.67 million deaths), hypertension (1.47 million), tobacco use (1.23 million), poor diet (1.18 million), and high blood sugar (1.12 million).
According to the researchers, over the past decade there have been more than 0.5 percent annual increases in many highly preventable risks such as obesity, high blood sugar, alcohol use and drug use.
He warned that the greatest cumulative effect on health comes from an increase in metabolic risks such as high blood sugar, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, which have increased 1.5 percent per year since 2010, and account for about 20 percent of total health impairment. . Worldwide in 2019.
The study states that these metabolic risks have increased by 50 percent since 1990, and are responsible for a large number of deaths globally – with hypertension contributing 1 to 5 deaths (about 11 million) in 2019. , Followed by high blood sugar (6.5 million deaths), high BMI (5 million), and high cholesterol (4.4 million).
Scientists said that many The riskFactors And the study highlights NCDs, which have increased obesity and diabetes The risk Serious illness and death from COVID-19
In the South Asia region, he said that non-communicable diseases now contribute to more than half of the lost years due to ill health, disability, or early death, which was dominated by infectious, maternal, neonatal and nutritional diseases 30 years ago.
Citing an example, the researchers said that 58 percent of the total disease burden in India is now due to non-communicable diseases, up from 29 percent in 1990, while 22 to 50 percent of premature deaths due to NCDs Has more than doubled.
According to the study, hypertension is the third leading The risk Factors after air pollution accounted for 10–20 percent of all health losses in eight states in India, mainly in the south.
“Most of these The riskFactors Christopher Murray, director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington in the US, said, “The studies are worthy and treatable and dealing with them will have enormous social and economic benefits.”
Murray stated, “We are failing to change unhealthy behaviors, particularly those related to dietary quality, calorie intake, and physical activity due to insufficient policy attention and funding for public health and behavioral research . ”
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