Amnesty banned over Pegasus leak, Indian politician urges India

The Chief Minister of the Indian state of Assam has called on Amnesty International to impose a ban on the country, accusing it of “defaming” Prime Minister Narendra Modi about his role in the Pegasus leak related to explosives. Has been accused of conspiracy, which has caused him great damage. Pressure on Modi’s government.

Assam Chief Minister and member of Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Himanta Beswa Sarma has claimed that Amnesty has a role to play in investigating the number of citizens and political leaders in countries around the world., including India, Appearing on the list of leaked figures was part of a “long history of conspiracies against India’s democratic fabric and its leadership”.

He accused Amnesty International of working to “incite left-wing terrorism in India and defame India and Prime Minister Modi, as well as to create discontent in sections of Indian society”.

Quick guide

What’s in Pegasus Project Data?

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What’s in a data leak?

The data leak lists more than 50,000 phone numbers that are believed to have, since 2016, been selected as interested individuals by official clients of the NSO Group, which sells surveillance software. Are The data also includes the time and date in which the numbers were selected, or entered into a system. The Paris-based non-profit journalism organization, Forbidden Stories, and Amnesty International initially gained access to the list and shared it with 16 media organizations, including the Guardian. More than 80 journalists have worked together over the months as part of the Pegasus Project. The project’s technical partner, Amnesty’s security lab, conducted a forensic analysis.

What does the leak indicate?

The consortium believes the data identifies possible targets to identify NSO’s government clients before possible oversight. Although the data are indicative of intent, the presence of a large number of data does not indicate whether the phone was infected with spyware such as Pegasus, the company’s signature monitoring tool, or An attempt was successful. The presence of a small number of landlines and US numbers in the data, which the NSO says make access to its tools “technically impossible,” reveals that some of the targets were met by NSO clients. Although he could not be affected by Pegasus. However, forensic examinations of a small sample of mobile phones with listed numbers found a strong correlation between the time and date of a number and the onset of Pegasus activity in the data – in some cases within seconds Also

What did the forensic analysis reveal?

Amnesty tested 67 smartphones where the attacks were suspected. Of these, 23 were successfully infected and 14 showed signs of infiltration. For the remaining 30 people, the test was controversial, in many cases because the handsets were replaced. Fifteen phones were Android devices, none of which showed evidence of a successful infection. However, unlike iPhones, phones that use Android do not log the information needed for Amnesty’s spy work. Three Android phones showed signs of targeting, such as Pegasus-related SMS messages.

Amnesty has shared “backup copies” of four iPhones with the University of Toronto’s research group, Citizen Lab, which specializes in Pegasus studies, which have confirmed signs of Pegasus infection. The Citizen Lab also reviewed Amnesty’s forensic methods, and found them appropriate.

Which NSO client numbers were selected?

Although the data is organized into clusters, it is an indication of individual NSO clients, but does not specify which NSO client was responsible for selecting any number. NSO claims it will sell its devices to 60 customers in 40 countries, but denies identifying them. Taking a closer look at the pattern of targeting by individual clients in leaked data, media partners have managed to identify 10 governments that are believed to be responsible for the selection of targets: Azerbaijan , Bahrain, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Hungary, India, and the United Arab Emirates. Citizen Labs also found evidence that all 10 people were NSO clients.

What does the NSO Group say?

You can read the full NSO Group statement here. The company has always said that it does not have access to its customer target data. Through its lawyers, the NSO said the consortium has made “false assumptions” about which clients use the company’s technology. It said the number of 50,000 was “exaggerated” and that the list could not be a list of numbers “targeted by governments using Pegasus”. Lawyers say the NSO has reason to believe the list obtained by the consortium is “not a list of signs used by governments to use Pegasus, but instead could be part of a larger list of these numbers.” Is something that NSO Group users can use for other purposes. “This is a list of numbers that anyone can find on the unlocking system,” he said. After further questioning, the lawyers said the consortium would release its information “from accessible and clear basic information, such as HLR leakup services, which have no effect on Pegasus or any other consumer target list.” Based on misleading interpretations of data. NSO products … We still do not see any connection between these lists and anything related to the use of NSO Group technologies. After publication, he explained that He described the “target” as a phone that had been the victim of a successful or tried (but unsuccessful) infection by Pegasus, and reiterated that it had “50,000 phones in it to represent targets.” The list is too long. Pegasus. He said that the fact that a number has appeared in someone’s list is absolutely certain. There is no indication as to whether it has been selected for surveillance by Pegasus.

What is HLR viewing data?

The term HLR, or Home Location Registration, refers to a database required for operating mobile phone networks. Such entries keep records of phone users’ networks and their general locations, as well as other identifying information commonly used in routing calls and texts. Telecom and surveillance experts say HLR data can sometimes be used in the early stages of a monitoring effort, to indicate whether it is possible to communicate by phone. The consortium believes that the NSO client has the capability to conduct HLR searches through the interface on the Pegasus system. It is not clear whether Pegasus operators need to investigate HRL search through its interface in order to use their software. An NSO source stressed that its clients may have different reasons – which are unrelated to Pegasus – for finding HLR through the NSO system.

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Amnesty International had initial access to a leaked list of more than 50,000 telephone numbers believed to have been used by NSO group government clients to sell surveillance software Pegasus. Is selected for possible monitoring.

The leaked list included dozens of Indian journalists, activists, lawyers and critics of the government, including key Modi rival Rahul Gandhi. The opposition Congress party has accused the Modi government of being a client of the NSO and deploying Pegasus spyware against its own citizens and political opponents.

The NSO has always maintained that “it does not operate the system that it sells to tested government customers, and does not have access to its customer target data”.

In a statement issued by its attorneys, the NSO said it would “continue to investigate all credible allegations of abuse and take appropriate action.” He said the fact that a number appeared on the list was not due to the fact that the number was chosen for monitoring by Pegasus. But this list identifies people who are identified as interested in NSO government clients.

Amnesty offered technical assistance in the investigation, and its security labs performed tests and forensic analysis on several phones to determine if they had been hacked by Pegasus spyware.

Amnesty has already come under increasing pressure from the Modi government, including several raids on its offices, when it published several reports criticizing the government’s human rights record. In September last year, Amnesty had to suspend operations in India after freezing its accounts, calling it a “witch victim”.

The Congress party has demanded an independent inquiry into whether the Modi government is using Pegasus spyware.

Sarma was among several senior BJP figures who alleged that the Pegasus Lake had no basis in fact and that Amnesty’s role proved that it was part of a global conspiracy against India. “I strongly condemn this conspiracy and call for a ban on the activities of organizations that are bent on defaming and harming our nation,” he said.

However, pressure continued to mount on the Modi government, including allegations of treason, including allegations of treason. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, who recently defeated the BJP in the state elections, urged India’s opposition parties to unite to challenge the Modi government’s “watchdog state”, and Pegasus was called “dangerous” and “terrible.”

“Three things make democracy: the media, the judiciary and the Election Commission. And Pegasus has arrested all three,” Banerjee said, adding that his nephew’s phone number was on the leaked list.

Banerjee demanded that the Supreme Court intervene and investigate the surveillance of Indian citizens.

“Save the country, save democracy,” he said.

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