NNothing is as important as the philosopher Emmanuel Kant claimed, because “the freedom to use the public for any reason in every matter.” Unfortunately, as Kant noted, the opportunity to debate is often taken by society – sometimes very harshly. A disturbing fact about today’s world is that dictatorial tendencies are on the rise in Asia, Europe, Latin America, Africa, and the United States. I fear that I will have to add my own country, India, to this unfortunate basket.
After India gained independence from British colonial rule, it had a great history of being a secular democracy with decades of personal freedom. The people demonstrated their commitment to freedom and the determination to end dictatorial rule through decisive public action, for example in the 1977 general election, in which people dressed up as “emergency” dictators. Strongly rejected. The government immediately. Obeyed
In recent years, however, the priority of independence seems to have lost some of its luster for many, and the current government provides evidence of its inclination to promote a different kind of society. Efforts have also been made to quell anti-government protests, which, surprisingly, have often been described by the government as a “coup” that has led to the arrest and closure of opposition leaders. Apart from the dictatorial tendencies inherent in this view, there is also a deep confusion, as dissent from the government is aimed at overthrowing the state, or trampling on the nation (on which “deportation” is assessed. There is no need to revolt. Must depend).
When I was in school in British-ruled colonial India, many of my relatives, who were protesting non-violently for India’s independence (influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and other freedom fighters), were in British Indian prisons. These were described as “precautionary measures”. , Allegedly to deter them from any violent action. After India’s independence, a kind of ideological detention was stopped. But then it was restarted, initially by the Congress government, in a relatively moderate form. It was bad enough, but now under the incumbent Hindutva-based BJP government, detention has played a huge role in detention, allowing opposition politicians to be arrested without trial and easily. Imprisonment may be allowed.
In fact, since last year, under a provision of the newly enacted Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), the state can unilaterally declare someone a terrorist, which is why Can be arrested and allowed to be kept in jail without trial. Several human rights activists have been designated terrorists and are already in prison under the arrangement.
When someone is described as an “enemy of the country”, it can be seen as a major philosophical condemnation anywhere in the world, but in today’s India it can mean nothing more than that The person in the government has given some critical opinion about the government. The confusion between the “anti-government” and the “enemy of the country” is particularly sophisticated. Courts have at times been able to stop such abominable behavior, but given the slow pace of Indian courts and the differences of opinion within India’s Supreme Court, it has not always been an effective remedy. Amnesty International, the world’s leading human rights defender, has been forced to leave India as a result of government intervention.
The pursuit of dictatorship is sometimes associated with the oppression of a particular class of the nation – often associated with caste and religion in India. The former lower caste “untouchables”, now called Dalits, continue to enjoy the benefits of positive action (in terms of employment and education) that were introduced at the time of India’s independence, but often with extremes. Strict treatment is given. Incidents of rape and murder of Dalits by upper caste men, which have become surprisingly common, are often ignored or covered by the government, provided they are suppressed through public protests. Don’t put
Indian authorities are particularly strict on the rights of Muslims, even restricting some of their citizenship rights. Despite centuries of peaceful coexistence between Hindus and Muslims, in recent years there have been attempts by politically extremist Hindu organizations to treat indigenous Muslims as foreigners and accuse them of harming the nation. Were done. It has been fed by the growing power of extremist Hindu politics by cultivating discontent and interfaith enmity. The fact that the famous poet Rabindranath Tagore had a Hindu background was not opposed Self description In Oxford (when Hubert was lecturing) he came from a confluence of three cultural currents, combining Hinduism and Islam in addition to Western influence.
Indian culture is a common product of people of different religious faiths, and can be seen in a variety of fields, from music and literature to painting and architecture. Even the first interpreter and propagator of the Hindu philosophical text اپنشاد – The use of a Mughal prince outside India was made on the active initiative of Dara Shukoh, the eldest son of Mumtaz (in whose memory Dara’s father, Emperor Shah Jahan, built the Taj Mahal). Led by the government’s current ideological priorities, many school textbooks in India are being rewritten to offer a history of a complete overhaul of reducing – or neglecting – the participation of a certain public.
To call anyone a terrorist, despite the power of the government equipped with the UAPA, these accused usually carry out violent protests in the same way that they supported Gandhi. This applies especially to the emerging secular resistance in India, led by student leaders. For example, Omar Khalid, a Muslim scholar at Jawaharlal Nehru University who was arrested and imprisoned as an alleged “terrorist” for using UAPA, staged a peaceful protest. He made clear his commitment to the secular movement: “If they beat us lathis [sticks], We will put the tricolor together [the Indian national flag]. If they fire bullets, we will uphold the constitution and raise our hands.
Although the growth of dictatorship in India demands determination, the world is also currently facing an epidemic of sovereignty, which makes Indian shortcomings seem less unusual than they really are. The justification for imposing oppression varies from country to country, such as reducing drug trafficking in the Philippines, blocking the flow of immigrants to Hungary, suppressing gay lifestyles in Poland, and allegedly in Brazil. Using the military to control corruption. There are attacks on all the different ways the world needs to defend freedom.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., in a 1963 letter from Birmingham Prison, noted: “Injustice is a threat to justice everywhere.” He also insisted that all resistance should be violent. So do the young student leaders of today’s India. If the different manifestations of dictatorship have similarities, then there is a common argument in resistance.
STAY TUNED WITH US FOR MORE INTERESTING CONTENT ONLY ON DESINEW.XYZ