His personal contacts with Britain’s top general, Sir Nick Carter, the leaders of Afghanistan and Pakistan, in the background to prevent Afghanistan from escalating into a full-blown civil war and the US-brokered peace talks in Qatar. Trying to help stop.
Over the weekend, a senior Afghan delegation arrived in Doha to try to resume virtually inactive talks, months later, which saw the Taliban succeed in most parts of rural Afghanistan, despite their There is still no city.
Afghan sources say the British move is more than a year old and has seen Carter shuttle between Kabul and Islamabad in a private jet with a senior Pakistani general, and key Afghan and Bahraini Arranged a meeting between Pakistani officials.
Carter’s work was described as “patient” by the government’s top peace envoy, Abdullah Abdullah, who said the head of Britain’s defense staff, both President Ashraf Ghani, whom he knew well, And they are coordinating with Abdullah himself.
He declined to comment further on the general’s role. But another senior Afghan official said the purpose of the meetings was to see if Pakistan could be persuaded to take advantage of the situation to push the group back to the negotiating table.
Pakistani government denies formal links to insurgency but militants have been working in its border areas for years – militants were filmed last week I want to be treated Government Hospitals – and their families are all based in Pakistan.
In the 1990s, Islamabad supported the first increase in militant power. Pakistan was one of the few countries to offer these diplomatic identities, and has long been known for its powerful ISI agency. He has close ties with the militants.
In May, Carter flew to Kabul on a private plane with Pakistan’s Chief of Army Staff, General Qamar Javed Bawja, but Afghan sources said the British military boss had arranged for a meeting with Ghani.
As deputy commander of the NATO mission, Carter has had a personal relationship since his presidency. When Ghani was in charge of “transition”, foreign troops were referred to Afghan combat efforts, and they spent a lot of time traveling the country.
They have been in touch on allegedly good terms. According to a senior military official who described Carter as “a very good friend of Afghanistan,” the two have been talking for weeks.
Not everyone in Kabul is convinced that Pakistan is really interested in talks to end the war, even if it praises British efforts.
“This back channel is to see if Pakistan can be persuaded to use its influence,” the senior official said of Carter’s efforts. “Then all of a sudden they say they don’t really have anyone [influence] There is no practical result.
However, the Taliban’s rapid military advance, which means they control more than half of Afghanistan’s nearly 400 districts, appears to have given them a new regional focus on peace-promoting efforts. Is.
A senior Afghan source claimed that the military victory had fostered “buyers’ remorse” from neighbors who had supported the Taliban but were unwilling to take over the country so quickly.
Countries such as Iran and Pakistan that were unhappy with the US military presence on their doorstep are now worried about the possibility of a hardline government that could trigger a flood of refugees or escalate extremist violence across the border.
In early July, Iran hosted The first serious conversation in months. Uzbekistan last week convened a major gathering of regional powers focused on Afghanistan’s future.
Afghan sources say Pakistan allegedly helped push the Taliban back to the table in Doha, where military victories had openly insulted the group’s negotiators. One told him, “They told our negotiators that these are no longer peace talks, they are surrender talks. Observer.
Taliban spokesman Sohail Shaheen said his delegation had not commented on the surrender, and that the claim was enemy propaganda. “This is not our policy,” he said. “It is a negotiation for a peaceful solution to the Afghan problem.”
Despite the Taliban’s rapid progress in recent months, the groundwork for trying to reach an end to negotiations to end the war may still be in place, although the government may still have to offer far more concessions.
They have not yet taken a big city, it is not clear how well they can rule large areas, and they may not be able to occupy the place where they have occupied.
In 2001, the Taliban, almost extinct at the hands of the United States and its allies, knew better than ever how the defeated movement could slowly reorganize, leading to the shattered landscape of ethnic and religious minorities in Afghanistan. I may gather support.
Twenty years ago, the Americans pushed aside their own successes in surrendering to negotiations, focusing not on Afghan peace but on revenge. His opponents may try to reorganize and pursue a similar war of no confidence.
The Pentagon declined to comment on Carter’s efforts.
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