Budget cuts in tourism revenue and destruction is a ‘severe’ threat to nature

According to new research, the loss of jobs in nature’s reserves and environmental rollbacks during the 19th epidemic could hurt global efforts to protect biodiversity and tackle the climate crisis. Is.

Budget cuts and the elimination of environmental revenues have forced national parks and conservation organizations to cut staff and reduce activities such as anti-poaching patrols, which have hit Asia and Africa hard.

During large-scale epidemics, Brazil, India and the United States have emerged as “hotspots” for reducing environmental concerns, with all three countries proposing to allow mining and fossil fuel extraction in safe areas. Have considered

Examples included in the report include proposals by the Brazilian government to allow mining and fossil fuel extraction in indigenous reserves, new permits in Russia that allow deforestation in natural areas for transportation and infrastructure. Allow, and there is progress on oil and gas exploration and exploration projects. American Arctic

The findings are part of a series of research articles published in a special issue of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ‘s journal Parks, which seeks to understand the consequences of the Covid 19 epidemic on the environment. Are

Brent Mitchell, co-editor of the magazine, said: “What we have learned from our 150 partners is this: If the shock of Covid 19 was enough to awaken humanity to the consequences of suicide on the catastrophic path of misleading progress No, with its invasion of nature, then it is difficult to see how the current epidemic can be far worse and prevent further disasters.

His comments echo those of UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who warned: “Humanity is fighting against nature. This is suicide.

Arctic National Wildlife Sanctuary, Alaska. The report calls on the United States to reduce environmental concerns during epidemics
Arctic National Wildlife Sanctuary, Alaska. The report called the United States a “hotspot” for cuts in environmental protection during epidemics. Photo: AP

A Park Rangers survey in more than 60 countries found that one in five of the most affected people in Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa and Asia lost their jobs due to budget cuts related to the epidemic. Have lost their hands More than half of Africa’s safest areas have reported that they have had to halt or reduce field patrols and counterinsurgency operations.

Although many protected areas have maintained basic operations, communities near natural resources and national parks have been particularly affected by the economic consequences of the epidemic and the declining number of visitors.

Dr. Bruno O’Brien, Director-General of the IUCN, said, “Although the global health crisis remains a priority, this new research shows that the epidemic of Covid 19 has contributed to conservation efforts and nature conservation. What a devastating blow to dedicated parties. “

A review of the implementation or progress of Coved 19’s economic recovery projects between January and October 2020 found that while some governments have added additional funding to the conservation sector and nature, many Reduced security.

Rachel Golden Kroner of Conservation International, lead author of research on the effects of government stimulus packages, warns that the current crisis cannot be allowed to further damage the natural environment.

“Environmental protection failures must be avoided if we are to build a sustainable future, and rehabilitation measures need to be planned in such a way that it does not only affect biodiversity,” he said. Avoid negative effects, but move the charts to a more sustainable and equitable path. ” .

Reacting to the research, the head of Carlos Manuel Rodriguez Global Environment Facility, An independent financial organization that helps fund countries meet environmental targets, said: “Governments need to invest billions in nature conservation and restoration to prevent future outbreaks of toxins such as the corona virus. The dollar has been forced to spend to fight the Kwid-19 and spur economic recovery.

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