China returns to Earth to launch its first spacecraft on the moon to collect samples – science

China returns to Earth to launch its first spacecraft on the moon to collect samples – science

China said on Monday that it would launch its first unmanned space mission on Tuesday to collect samples from the lunar surface and return to Earth, which its scientists say is one of the country’s most complex and challenging space missions.

China’s National Space Administration (CNSA) said that the fuel for the Long March-5 rocket, currently China’s largest launch vehicle, began on Monday before its launch.

The rocket, which will send the Chang’-5 spacecraft into Earth-Moon transfer orbit, is scheduled to be launched from the Wenchang spacecraft launch site in South China’s Hainan province in the early hours of Tuesday.

The CNSA said the mission is the country’s first attempt to launch a spacecraft to collect and return samples from the moon.

The Chang’-5 mission aims to conduct unmanned lunar sample collection and return to Earth, one of the country’s most complex and challenging space missions, reported Xinhua.

It is said to contribute to scientific study in areas such as the formation and development of the Moon.

China’s lunar exploration program is named after the legendary Chang’e, the “Moon Lady”, who takes a sensation and swims across the sky, eventually landing on the moon, where she becomes a goddess with a jade rabbit Has gone.

A major space power, China launched its first Mars mission ‘Tianwen-1’ on 23 July this year. The spacecraft of Mars which included an orbiter, lander and rover is going to the red planet.

China launched its first lunar probe Chang’-1 in 2007, which orbited 200 km above the Moon and in 2010 mapped 3D images of the lunar surface pursued by Chang’-2 that made the lunar surface High resolution photos were sent.

Chang’e-3 was launched in 2013, gradually reaching the sinus iridum 12 days later. Chang’-3 consisted of a lander and a moon rover called Yutu (Jade Rabbit).

China launched an experimental spacecraft in 2014 to test the technologies used on Chang’e-5.

The Chang’e-4 investigation was launched in 2018. It made a soft landing for the first time at the von Karman crater in the farthest south pole-Aitken basin of the moon.

Chang’e-4, which also includes a lander and a moon rover called Yutu-2, or Z. Rabbit-2, provided low-frequency radio astronomical observations, terrain and terrain surveys, mineral composition and The shallow lunar structure structure detection and neutron radiation and neutral atomic measurements, as reported by Xinhua.

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