Climate change could displace 1.2 billion people by 2050, report warns

More than 1 billion people have been displaced in 30 years due to the climate crisis and rapid population growth, according to an analysis of the increase in displacement due to the climate crisis and rapid population growth. Are facing

Institute for Economics and Peace The IEP, a think tank that produces annual Global Terrorism and Peace Indexes, said there are 1.2 billion people in 31 countries who are not flexible enough to deal with environmental threats.

The IEP’s first Environmental Risk Registration states that 19 countries face the greatest risks, including water and food shortages and increased risk of natural disasters.

Many countries with the highest risk of environmental hazards, including Nigeria, Angola, Burkina Faso and Uganda, are also expected to see significant population growth, the report said.

The founder of the institute, Steve Cleilia, said: “This will have huge social and political implications, not only in the developing world but also in the developed world, as the greatest development of large-scale migrant refugees. There will be flow in the winning countries. “

“Environmental threats are serious challenges to world peace. Over the next 30 years, without immediate international cooperation, access to food and water will increase. In the absence of action, civil unrest, riots and conflicts will increase. ۔

The study used the United Nations and other data to assess the exposure of eight environmental hazards in 157 countries, then assess their ability to cope. It found that by 2050, 141 countries would have faced at least one environmental threat, with sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa having the highest numbers.

Some countries, such as India and China, are most at risk of water scarcity, while other countries, such as Pakistan, Iran, Kenya, Mozambique and Madagascar, face a growing threat to deal with them. Facing incompetence.

“Lack of resilience will increase food insecurity and competition for resources, civil unrest and large-scale displacement.”

He described Pakistan as the country with the highest risk of migration, followed by Ethiopia and Iran, which added that “even small environmental hazards and natural disasters make such a large population homeless.” May be”.

Wealthy, more developed regions in Europe and North America face fewer environmental threats and will be better able to deal with them, but most will “not be exempt from wider impacts.” The report said 16 countries, Sweden, Norway, Ireland and Iceland, were at risk.

The report said that the world had 60% less freshwater available than it did 50 years ago, while food demand was projected to increase by 50% by 2050 and natural disasters were due to climate change alone. The frequency was likely to increase, meaning that even some stable states would weaken by 2050.

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