Countries should declare ‘climate emergency’: UN chief

Countries should declare ‘climate emergency’: UN chief

London: United Nations chief Antonio Guterres on Saturday called on governments to declare a “state of climate emergency” and make good on their promises to reduce carbon pollution to overcome the epidemic.
Speaking at the inauguration of the climate change summit, to be held online five years after the Paris climate accord, Guterres warned that the nations’ current commitment to limiting the temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius was “more than enough” .
“If we do not change the course, we can increase the temperature over 3.0 degrees this century,” he said.
“That’s why today, I call on all the leaders of the world to declare a state of climate emergency in their country until carbon neutrality is achieved,” he said.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Chinese President Xi Jinping and France’s Emmanuel Macron are among the leaders attending the virtual summit.
More than 75 heads of state are expected to announce renewed emission reduction targets or to signify great intentions to help the weakest nations cope with ever-increasing climate disasters.
The Paris Agreement limited the warming to “well below 2 ° C (3.6 ° F)” through cuts in greenhouse gas emissions.
But progress has also been halted in a string of scientific reports warning of the growing public anger over the state of the planet and the dangers of inaction.
The UN states that emissions should fall by 1.5 percent annually through 2030 to raise temperatures by 1.5 degrees Celsius.
In 2020, as the epidemic brought lockdown and restrictions on movement, emissions dropped by seven percent, the U.N. said this week.
Nevertheless, Guterres said that governments are losing the opportunity to complete their economic reforms.
He said the G20 nations — responsible for the share of carbon pollution lions — were spending 50 percent more in their rescue packages on fossil fuel-related areas than on low-carbon energy.
“This is unacceptable. We cannot use these resources to lock in policies that burden future generations with a mountain of debt on a broken planet,” he told video-link Said through
Guterres urged countries that had already announced net-zero targets to make good on their promises and accelerate emissions reductions in line with science.
He said, “Every country, city, financial institution and company needs to adopt plans to reach net zero emissions by 2050 – and start implementing them right now, including providing clear short-term targets, ” They said.

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