According to a report, the effects of Code-19 threaten to force 2.5 million more girls into forced marriages worldwide over the next five years. Save the children.
The charity predicts the worst increase in child marriage rates in 25 years, as epidemics have closed schools and pushed poorer families further into poverty.
According to the report, Global Girlhead 2020: How Cowed-19 Threatens DevelopmentOnly half a million more girls will be pushed into arranged marriages this year, reversing more than two decades of progress that has begun to undermine the practice globally. This will bring the total number of child marriages to 12.5 million by 2020.
The report warns that 2020 will be the year of “irreversible failures and lost progress” for girls. Worldwide, school closures have disrupted the education of 1.6 billion children, and Save the Children estimates that 10 million children, mostly girls, will never attend school.
The report also predicts that one million girls under the age of 18 could become pregnant this year, putting their lives at risk from the moment they are born, compared to 15 to 19 year olds. The most important cause of death.
The region most affected by the rise in child marriage is South Asia, where an estimated 200,000 more girls are expected to be forced into marriage this year due to economic hardship caused by the corona virus.
India, which accounts for one-third of the world’s child marriages, has been the most affected by the epidemic in terms of health and economy. The country has more than 6 million cases of the virus, the second worst in the world, and the number is growing at the fastest rate globally.
With just a few hours’ notice, the lockdown in March left millions of migrants and daily wage laborers without any source of income and pushed millions of families further into misery. In the last quarter, India’s economy contracted by almost 24%, the worst decline on record, and even after the end of the lockdown, there has been a sharp decline in industry and hence job opportunities.
Parents of low-income families are unable to find work and schools are closed indefinitely. In India, it is the responsibility of children to either go to work or get married.
Kevin Watkins, chief executive of Save the Children UK, said: “With increasing food and economic insecurity, the growing risk of violence and sexual exploitation – especially in humanitarian emergencies – means a lot to many parents. That they have no choice but to force their daughters to marry men who are often older.
“These marriages violate girls’ rights and leave them at risk of depression, lifelong violence, disability, and even death from birth.”
The epidemic has also led to an increase in child labor and child trafficking reports in India. According to reports from poverty-stricken Indian states such as Jharkhand, the number of children trafficked during the lockdown has increased by more than 600% in April and May.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) recently said that corona virus epidemics could increase child labor for the first time in 20 years.
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