Myanmar’s growing crisis is spreading across its borders, as thousands of refugees seek refuge in India and Thailand in the wake of a military crackdown and a bloody crackdown on anti-insurgency protesters.
Authorities in both countries have tried to stop new arrivals, fearing that unrest in Myanmar could escalate into a permanent flood. A senior UN official warned last week that the country was “on the verge of a failed state” if immediate action was not taken to stop the bloodshed.
Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees live in Bangladesh, where the devastating human cost of the government’s brutal policies can be seen in the crowded refugee camps in Bangladesh. Most fled after a military campaign began in 2017, and have lived long since.
Last week, Thailand tried to push back thousands of people fleeing Myanmar after airstrikes on villages controlled by ethnic minority forces.
According to the Associated Press, Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chen-o-cha acknowledged that further travel to the country was banned. “We do not want large-scale relocation in our area, but we will also consider human rights,” he said. Said “We have prepared some places, but at the moment we do not want to talk about the preparation of refugee centers. We will not go that far.
At least one Indian border state last month rescinded an order to “politely turn away” any refugees trying to cross. The Manipur Home Ministry said its instructions had been “misrepresented”.
The outbreak of rabies in the Chinese border town of Roulette, where officials say they have detected cases of the virus imported from Myanmar, is one of the major threats to the movement of people across the border during the epidemic. And a reminder.
The UN refugee agency has highlighted the “decades-long history” of Myanmar’s neighbors about protecting refugees from the country and A warning signal is issued That it is illegal under international law to detain asylum seekers.
“Children, women and men fleeing for their lives should be protected,” said Glenn Tragus, assistant high commissioner for protection at the UNHCR. “As the situation in Myanmar continues to deteriorate, we call on the states to continue their inhumane tradition of saving the lives of all those who have been forced to flee.”
No reminder is needed in the Indian state of Mizoram. Politicians and locals have welcomed more than a thousand people with open arms who have walked through the jungles of Myanmar and searched across the rivers to find refuge.
A large number of them are police officers, who fled after refusing orders to shoot at their own people during the protests, officials said.
A leading human rights group says at least 550 civilians, including 46 children, have been killed in protests that have rocked Myanmar’s major cities since the army took power in an uprising in February. More than 2,750 people have been detained or sentenced, according to the Myanmar Relief Organization for Political Prisoners.
Despite the crackdown, protesters have continued to take to the streets, urging the military to respect the results of last year’s democratic elections, which gave opposition parties a landslide victory. ۔
There is great sympathy for both the protesters, and for those who have fled across the border to Mizoram. Most of the migrants are members of the same ethnic group as the natives, called Chen in Myanmar and Mizos in India.
“We are one tribe. We share the same language and culture and religion, Christianity. “We all have family and blood ties because even though one border and different nationalities separate us, we are effectively the same people,” said Lal Bibin Sanga, assistant general secretary of the Mizo Students’ Union.
On social media, the angry mob has chanted pro-democracy slogans and freedom songs, and a series of street music concerts in the state capital, Azol, has attracted more than 3,000 people and 300,000 rupees to help the refugees. (000 3,000) donated.
But these sentiments have put the local government on the verge of clashing with the ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party in New Delhi. It has sought to classify many of those who have apologized as illegal immigrants, and has drawn a strict line on deportation, including the inclusion of controversy, involving a lonely teenager. A Rohingya girl whose parents are refugees in Bangladesh has been deported to Myanmar.
In March, the National Interior Ministry ordered Mizoram Chief Minister Zoramathanga (as he is known) to stop the arrival of newcomers and deport those who had already arrived.
He asked Home Minister Amit Shah to change the government policy. “I have told Amit Shah that the people coming from Myanmar are our brothers and sisters. We have family relationships with most of them. Once they enter Mizoram, we will have to give them food and shelter.
Many refugees have a financial burden on the government because of their wider local ties. He said that majority of those going to India do not need help. They have moved into relatives’ homes and melted into the local population, “said a local official.
This can change if the number increases. There is a 500 km border between Mizoram and Chen and the wide ties mean that the long peaks are unfounded.
It has served as a security valve for decades, fleeing insurgency in India during the 1960s and 70s, and then fleeing Myanmar in 1989 after the last military crackdown.
At least three armed groups from Myanmar’s ethnic minorities, with a long history of guerrilla warfare against the central government, have vowed to join the so-called “Spring Revolution” if corruption continues. Is.
The opposition is also working on an interim constitution that would include a “federal army” to change the current military system. Although numerous, and very small in number, if the various opposition forces are able to come together effectively, they could pose a significant challenge to Myanmar’s military, Tatmado.
“The way things are going, I expect more people to take refuge in Mizoram,” said Luma Changte, president of the United for Democratic Myanmar NGO. “Most of them are living with relatives at the moment but if the number goes too high, we have started renting some houses here.
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