Farmers protest in India: Why did the new laws provoke anger? | India

Who is protesting?

Hundreds of thousands of farmers, mostly from the Sikh and northern Indian states of Punjab and Haryana, have been protesting against the introduction of agricultural laws since last September.

Farmers began protesting in their states, but in late November they marched or drove their tractors to the outskirts of Delhi. Here they set up three large protest camps in Sanghu, Ghazipur and Takri areas. Farmers have set up tents and houses, set up kitchens, shops and libraries in their tractor trailers, and vowed not to move until farm laws are repealed. Farmers, led by organized organizations, have also said they will step up protests across the country and plan to hold rallies across the country in the coming weeks.

Why? They do Oppose The rules?

The measures introduced by the central government since the 1990s are among the biggest changes in agriculture, especially in terms of how crops can be sold in the market. More than 50% of India’s workforce is employed in agriculture. Many believe that the sector in particular needs to be modernized and modernized in order to meet the challenges of global warming. Indian farmers, who own less than five acres of land, have long struggled with poverty and debt, and have a high suicide rate. In 2019, about 10,300 farmers committed suicide.

The government argues that agricultural legislation is a necessary step towards modernizing agriculture, allowing farmers to sell crops to private companies instead of just state-controlled markets where taxpayers subsidize certain prices. Goes However, farmers say the laws will leave them at the mercy of corporations, leaving them at greater risk of losing their land by stripping the safety net of guaranteed prices for certain crops. He has also objected to the introduction of laws without consultation, and has accused the government of taking him down his throat.

What is happening Government response

The farmers forced the government to come to the negotiating table but the 11 visits could not be discussed anywhere. In recent weeks, the government has taken a tougher line on protests and those reporting on them. At least 10 cases of patriotism have been registered for tweets against journalists and politicians in connection with the protests, and riot police and paramilitary forces have stormed and stopped farmers’ camps. Mobile internet access in the camps was suspended for several days. In Parliament, Prime Minister Narendra Modi accused the protesters of infiltrating through protesters who were not dedicated to the cause and were only trying to aggravate the problem.

The government has also reacted strongly to the protests on foreign landmarks. Following the tweets from singer Rihanna and Swedish environmentalist Greta Thounberg, the Foreign Ministry issued a statement condemning the celebrities and saying that they had “a proper understanding of matters”. Without “rushing to comment on such matters”.

what will happen now?

The Supreme Court has suspended the implementation of the laws for 18 months but the farmers have said that it is not enough and they will accept only a complete repeal. However, Modi’s strong reputation means that he is unlikely to bow to his demands, and instead he can wait for it and end the protesters through frustration and “division and victory” tactics. Can try

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