Green groups, development agencies and international policy experts said these gestures would be effective in building confidence ahead of November’s COP26 climate talks in Glasgow, which are seen as key to putting the 2015 Paris climate agreement into practice.
But persuading G7 leaders to dig deeper is compounded by Britain’s decision to temporarily cut its foreign aid budget due to the Covid-19 economic crisis, doubling its climate finances over the next five years. is.
Former EU chief climate negotiator Pete Bates said the UK aid decision has caused frustration in the developing world and prompted senior officials in other rich countries to question why they should increase their climate finance pledges.
The former UK bureaucrat, who is now an associate fellow at think-tank Chatham House, said during an online press briefing on Monday: “I fear this is undermining Britain’s credibility and asking others to do more Inspiring.”
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said in a high-level dialogue hosted by Germany in May that he hoped to secure “a substantial pile of cash” at June’s G7 meeting so that the wealthy nation would spend $100 billion a year in climate finance. Fulfill an unfulfilled promise to channel For vulnerable countries from 2020.
Rachel Kayte, dean of The Fletcher School at Tufts University, said G7 leaders should make a clear commitment to honor that pledge – first in 2009 – prior to COP 26.
He said they should also create a new climate finance target for 2025 and increase development aid through international institutions.
With France, Italy, Japan and Canada in particular needing to clarify their plans, all G7 countries should come up with “more” climate finance, loosening the conditions attached to it.
Diplomatic efforts by British officials to bolster political will and come up with creative ways to boost funding ahead of COP26 have been bolstered this year by reducing development aid to 0.7% from the legally implied level of 0.5% of gross national income being taken away from the decision. , she added.
Some politicians in Johnson’s own Conservative Party are pushing for a vote in parliament to increase aid allocations again from 2022, but their efforts were thwarted on Monday when a proposed vote was not allowed to go ahead.
Bond, a British network of aid and environmental charities, said the UK’s cuts were “taking away the basics – clean water and sanitation, vaccination or education for children, food and shelter during conflict”.
“How can the UK expect the other G7 countries to advance while we ourselves are lagging behind?” It said in a statement on Monday there was no economic need for Britain to “balance our books on the backs of the world’s poorest”.
More Hurricanes, Less Help?
Mozambique’s first education minister and deputy chairperson of The Elders, a group of former politicians and women, said her southeast African country had been hit by increasingly powerful storms in recent years, but was not receiving international support. which he needed.
He said rich countries promised to boost climate finance at UN climate talks a decade ago, but poor countries are still waiting as the effects of climate change are increasing “dramatically” and further pain. But there are heaps of epidemics.
“Where we stand today is worse than it was 10 years ago. Now that we are saying that we are one human family, we have to live in solidarity with each other,” he told reporters. Either we are all safe or no one is safe. ”
On Monday, The Elders – which includes former Irish President Mary Robinson and former UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon – sent letters to all G7 leaders calling on them to meet their $100 billion a year climate finance pledge. He said half the money should go to efforts to adapt to more extreme weather and rising seas.
The group urged G7 leaders to provide one billion COVID-19 vaccine doses to the poorest countries by September 1 and more than 2 billion doses by mid-2022, while allowing nations to acquire licenses and technology to make their own vaccines. helped in
“In this moment of global crisis, multilateralism is uniquely important and uniquely threatened,” The Elders said in their letter.
“If the multilateral system fails to respond to the pressing concerns of this time – climate change and the pandemic, the danger will increase,” he warned.
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