Global CO2 emissions have decreased by 7% this year: United Nations body

Global CO2 emissions have decreased by 7% this year: United Nations body

New Delhi: Carbon dioxide emissions are projected to fall by 7% this year globally due to the Kovid-19 epidemic-related lockdown and reduced travel and industrial activity, but the world is still on the rise towards temperatures above 3 ° C. Century is marching, said the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) ’emission gap report’.
The report released on Wednesday underlined that the richest 1% account for more than double the combined share of the poorest 50% of the global population account – that means the United States, European Union countries, Australia, Rich countries like New Zealand and others have a huge responsibility to cut their respective emissions to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement.
This annual report assesses the difference between anticipated emissions and levels, which, according to the Paris Agreement, is consistent with the goals of taking global warming below 2 ° C and pursuing 1.5-degree C in this century.
It has been found that global GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions have increased by an average of 1.4% per year since 2010, due to a large increase in wildfires by 2.6% in 2019. It said that total greenhouse gas emissions, including land-use change, reached a new high of 59.1 GHz of CO2 equivalent (GtCO2e) in 2019.
As far as India is concerned, China (14 GtCO2e), the United States (6.6 GtCO2e) and the European Union + UK (4.3 GtCO2e) rank fourth in terms of overall emissions (3.7 GtCO2e) in 2019, with the top three. Was. In terms of per capita emissions, India’s figure is about one-third of the global average and about one-seventh of the United States’ largest historical pollution.
On the Kovid-19-line emission reduction, the report stated that the dip in 2020 only translates to a 0.01 degree C reduction of global warming by 2050.
“The year 2020 is one of the warmest on record, while wildfires, hurricanes and droughts continue to wreak havoc,” said UNEP Executive Director Inger Anderson.
“However, UNEP’s emissions gap report suggests that a green pandemic recovery could take a larger slice from GHG emissions and help slow climate change,” he said, adding that the next phase of the Kovid-19 fiscal intervention Urged governments to make a green recovery in 2021 and to raise their climate ambitions.
The report stated that the predicted green epidemic recovery of 2030 GHG emissions could cut costs by up to 25% and bring the world closer to meeting the Paris Agreement’s 2 ° C target.
Citing the growing number of countries committed to net-zero emission targets by mid-century, the report said the move was a “significant and encouraging development”. So far, 126 countries had announced their net-zero targets covering 51% of global GHG emissions.
“This latest UNEP report confirms that the 1.5 degree C limit of the Paris Agreement is within reach. The recent link to net-zero emission pledges from large emitters is an important sign of growing political will. What we need to see now is action: strong, ambitious 2030 climate targets that will put us on track to cut emissions by at least 45% globally, to allow governments to get good at some of these pledges Could. Bill Hare, CEO of Climate Analytics, said eliminating a portion of the Kovid-19 recovery fund could go a long way to get away from fossil fuels.
At the same time it will be important that countries fulfill at least the commitments they have made under their Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) – Climate Action – Paris Agreement. But many countries are not on track on this front.
The report found that G20 members, collectively, are not on track to achieve their unconditional NDC commitments based on pre-Kovid-19 estimates. “Nine out of 16 G20 members (counting EU27 + UK as one), are on track (Argentina, China, EU27+ UK, India, Japan, Mexico, Russian Federation, South Africa and Turkey). Five G20 members are projected to fall short and therefore require further action (Australia, Brazil, Canada, South Korea and the United States), ”the report noted that estimates for Indonesia and Saudi Arabia are inconclusive.
The report states that the emission gap has not reduced compared to 2019 and is unaffected by Kovid-19. By 2030, annual emissions should currently be 15 GtCO2e lower than unconditional NDCs, NDCs for the 2-degree target, and 32 GtCO2e lower for the 1.5 ° C target.

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