Global temperature highest on record in 2020: WMO

Global temperature highest on record in 2020: WMO

Washington: According to international data compiled by the World Meteorological Organization, the global temperature in 2020 was the highest in 2016 and the highest in the rival year 2016.
The COVID-19 pandemic caused deep cuts in emissions from fossil fuels as the global economic downturn evidenced that already carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere have put the planet on a warming track.
The WMO report included data from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the UK Met Office, which both ranked 2020 as the second warmest year on record, as a cooling trend called La Nina tame global temperatures. Failed to do. NASA, whose data was also included, said that 2020 2016 is tied as the warmest year on record.
“This news is another stern warning of the relentless pace of climate change, which is destroying life and livelihood on our planet,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. “Making peace with nature is the decisive task of the 21st century.”
The WMO stated that the difference in average global temperature for the three warm years, 2016, 2019 and 2020, was indirectly small. The average global temperature in 2020 was 14.9 C (59 F), or about 1.2 C above the pre-industrial level of 1850–1900. The 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change sought to be extended to raise the temperature’s preferred 1.5 C lower limit.
All five datasets surveyed by WMO showed that 2011–2020 was the warmest decade on record, and NOAA stated that the seven warmest years since record-keeping in 1880 began since 2014.
According to a WMO analysis, led by the UK Met Office, there is at least a one-in-five chance that by 2024 the average global temperature will temporarily exceed that limit.
Greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, the second major source of pollution after China, fell more than 10% last year, the biggest drop in the post-World War II era as coronaviruses crippled the economy, the Roadroad Group Said this week.
The plunge should not be seen as a guarantee that the United States can easily fulfill its pledge under the Paris Agreement to cut emissions by 28% by 2025. President Donald Trump pulled the United States from the agreement, but President-Elect Joe Biden has promised. After taking charge on 20 January.
WMO, a United Nations agency, relies on NOAA and NASA and the United Kingdom Met Office Hadley Center and the Climatic Research Unit of the University of East Anglia to observe sites and ships and buoys.
It also took datasets from the European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasts and its Copernicus Climate Change Service and the Japan Meteorological Agency.

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