Hunger turned India into a shadow of the code when it was deprived of crude rations

W.The catastrophic second wave of Chicken India Cove 19 started in April, Nazia Habib Khan’s second marriage ended abruptly after a year of beatings and abuse. The 28-year-old daughter of a migrant from the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh has returned to Mumbai to live with her mother, brothers and sister-in-law.

His 40-square-meter (400-square-foot) home is trapped in 800 or more brick, tin sheets and tarpaulin houses in Qureshi Nagar as he runs behind a train near the railway line.

Khan, who once worked as a housemaid at the hospital and later as a domestic helper who washed dishes and floors, is now without work, income or savings. To keep stress and arguments to a minimum in her crowded home, she waits for a small package of food from the community kitchen run by the Women’s Savings Group every morning and evening.

Since the kitchens were launched in April to provide free food to the slum’s poor, unemployed residents, Khan has relied entirely on food aid. Every day, he and his two daughters, aged 10 and 11, for lunch and dinner.

Sujata Sawant, who runs a community kitchen in Mumbai's Qureshi Nagar Katchi Abadi.
Sujata Sawant, who runs a community kitchen in Mumbai’s Qureshi Nagar Katchi Abadi. “We are now supplying 1,300 meals a day. And 90% of our food and drinkers have no other means. ‘ Photograph: Courtesy of the Food Wanted Foundation

“My own income is zero, so I try not to let my children’s food become an extra expense for my family,” says Khan. One night last week, her little boy had a high fever and Khan could not leave the house. He asked the neighbor’s 10-year-old boy to collect dinner کھچڑی (Rice and lentils), Wheel Vegetables (Bread and vegetables) or a pulao The rice dish was “alternative hungry gold.”

Under the India and National Food Security Act (NFSA), Khan and his daughters are among the millions of Indians who have failed to access subsidized rice and wheat, which accounted for 75% of the rural population in 2013. And 50% of the urban population is entitled to high-subsidized food. Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS). Two-thirds of Indians are eligible to receive quotas in various categories for presenting their ration cards at designated “reasonably priced shops”. TPDS is one of the largest food distribution networks in the world.

India’s domestic migrants have long been unable to access their right to food because they live far from their homes where they are registered for benefits, much more hungry and frustrated today than they were two decades ago. Face Analysis by Pew Research In March, it was revealed that the number of India’s poorest people – those earning $ 2 or less a day – had risen to 75 million due to the recession caused by the quake.

Working women in the Kerala slums and women working as domestic help or maids, all immigrants from other states, whose ration cards are registered at their home address or who do not have a ration card There is a house

Khan’s neighbors include drivers whose families collect grain quotas from their homes in Uttar Pradesh, as well as men from the poorest villages in Tamil Nadu who live in groups that run their own businesses. idlis (Steamed rice cakes) There are also travel vendors for detergents and steel wool, originally from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan. In most households, work and income have shrunk dramatically. Seen only in the month of April 2020 122 million Indians lost their jobsIncluding almost all day labor.

Nairbhai Yadav, 50, in a check scarf, and his son Levelish, left for Delhi with other migrant workers in the hope of a day's work.
Nairbhai Yadav, 50, in a check scarf, and his son Levelish, left for Delhi with other migrant workers in the hope of a day’s work. In April 2020, about 122 million workers lost their jobs as a result of the quake. Photographer: Manish Swaroop / AP

The kitchen of the Khan Karla community, on which it relies, has sought more financial support as the number of poor and hungry people increases. “We are now supplying 1,300 meals a day,” says Sujata Sawant, who runs the kitchen. And 90% of our diners have no other means.

In 2020, Sawant raised funds for 14,500 grocery parcels but in the two months since the second lockdown in May this year, she has already distributed 4,500 of them.

On June 29, in the face of cowardice among migrant workers in cities and towns across India, the Supreme Court ordered major reforms, including speeding up the implementation of the “One Nation, One Ration Card” scheme. Yes, so that immigrants can buy relief grains from shops. Anywhere in the country, while their families continue to claim their rights at home. The country’s high court set a July 31 deadline for it and ordered the registration of all uncomfortable and migrant workers and the installation of community kitchens for workers until at least the eradication of the epidemic.

“This will still expel millions of people who do not have ration cards,” said Mukt Srivastava, convener of the Maharashtra State Voting Campaign, a coalition of civil society groups whose lobbying has resulted. The NFSA was enacted. “In the current economic climate, these emissions increase hunger,” she says.

Currently, NFSA has benefited approximately 800 million people. But it is estimated that 67% of India’s 1.3 billion population is eligible. According to, the reduction in legally mandatory coverage is more than 100 million Estimates Economists Jean Druze, Reika Khera and Magna Mangikar.

During epidemics, the number of Indians who live below International poverty line (Less than $ 2 a day). One of the court’s directives was to reconsider the total number of NFSA beneficiaries. Nevertheless, despite the impact of the epidemic on jobs and the economy, the government’s top think tank, the National Institute for Change India (NITI Aayog), has reportedly recommended a reduction in the percentage of people involved in rural and urban areas. This has reduced the overall food coverage. Security law

Shakes along the railway line in the slums of Mumbai's Kerala East
The slums of Mumbai’s Kerala East, where most families have seen a decline in income since the Cowboys swept across India. Photograph: Courtesy of the Food Wanted Foundation

Sawant says cardholders are often unable to get their full quota, they are stopped by shop owners or cheated to a lesser extent. Some items, such as paraffin, a major domestic fuel, are no longer supplied by TPDS. “Unemployed slum dwellers can afford a coking gas cylinder which costs Rs. 900. [£9]Asks Sawant.

Repeated increases in fuel taxes have pushed up prices, further reduced disposable income and pushed more basic goods out of the reach of millions of Indians. In the first week of July alone, petrol prices rose by five and diesel by three. June and May saw an increase in diesel and petrol prices by 16 per cent.

Srivastava, who is in charge of the right to self-determination, said other challenges in implementing the Supreme Court’s order were technical issues. To use the card everywhere, all states must have electronic terminals, or EPOS machines, and the 12-digit identification number still valid for the extensive biometric Aadhaar system used in the machines. Has not been rolled out.

Food Foundation’s Neeraj Shetty, which has distributed 6.2 million meals to the poor since the first lockdown in Mumbai and its suburbs, says it has experimented with Sawant’s community kitchen, so Create livelihoods for female staff, all of whom come from the slums, as well as provide rent for community kitchens and grocery stores.

“All of us who have been working to eradicate hunger since the onset of the epidemic can see that hunger persists,” he said. The demand for our food distribution drives and ration kits has never been flagged.


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