Hypothyroidism: what to eat and what not to eat

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Hypothyroidism is a common hormonal health condition in which the body does not make enough thyroid hormone. These hormones are responsible for the proper function of cell growth, repair and metabolism. Over time the disease can lead to tiredness, hair loss, weight gain and a person feeling tired. Around 1-2 percent of people worldwide suffer from this health issue. This condition is ten times more likely to affect women than men.

It is important to manage the condition on time, which may be possible only with medication and following a healthy diet. We have given Dr. Jindal Naturecure Institute, Bangalore Deputy Chief Medical Officer. Talked to Vinoda Kumari about what kind of foods a person suffering from hypothyroidism should take and which foods they should avoid.

Foods to eat

A healthy diet full of nutrient rich foods is important to manage any health condition and the same goes for hypothyroidism. Dr. Kumari said, “A diet rich in leafy green vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds and zinc, such as lentils, chickpeas, beans is good for people suffering from this health condition.” He said that foods rich in selenium and iodine also play a major role when it comes to managing the symptoms of hypothyroidism.

Zinc helps control the thyroid, which signals the thyroid gland to release hormones. So, including zinc-rich foods in the diet can help cover the symptoms of thyroid imbalance.

Selenium is another essential mineral that helps in the proper functioning of the thyroid glands. It is an antioxidant, which protects the thyroid gland from free radical damage. Brazil nuts, tuna, sardines, eggs and legumes are some excellent sources of selenium.

Iodine is a mineral required to make thyroid hormones. People suffering from iodine deficiency have a higher risk of hypothyroidism. Adding iodine-rich foods such as seaweed, fish, dairy, and eggs can help to overcome this deficiency.

Dr. Kumari further stated that in addition, fruits and vegetables enriched with phytosterols are also great for the immune system. “Blueberries, olive oil, nuts, green tea, cloves and apples are good for thyroid health,” she said.

Foods to avoid

According to the doctor, people suffering from hypothyroidism should especially avoid goitrogens.

Goitrogens are compounds that interfere with the normal functioning of the thyroid gland. Many foods contain soy products, vegetables such as broccoli and cauliflower such as goitrogens. Even fruits like peaches and plums are full of this compound.

According to the doctor, highly processed and fried foods contain unsaturated fat, which can make the symptoms of hypothyroidism even worse. Also, taking dietary fiber immediately after taking thyroid medication may not be a good idea. “Fiber will interfere with medicine. Therefore, dietary fiber should be taken 2-3 hours after taking the medicine.

Some other points to remember

Diet and medication are certainly important to manage your condition when suffering from hypothyroidism, however, there are some other factors that are equally responsible.

drink plenty of water

Every person should drink at least 2 liters of water daily to stay healthy and fit. Water helps to flush out toxins from the body and is essential for the proper functioning of the body.

Practice mindful eating

Healthy eating is as important as eating healthy. Overeating leads to unwanted diseases such as weight gain, stomach problems and others. Eat to fill your stomach and avoid emotional eating.

Do yoga and meditation to manage your stress levels

Stress is the main cause of hypothyroidism. Therefore, try to manage your stress levels to keep the symptoms in mind. Practice yoga and meditation to reduce your stress levels.

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