India warns against linking environmental degradation with peace and security at UN

India warns against linking environmental degradation with peace and security at UN

United Nations: India on Thursday warned against “securitization” of environmental issues at the United Nations, saying that it is not worthwhile to address everything related to environmental degradation for peace and security with climate concerns and not ensure The real culprits are to follow their commitments on the environment. Issues.
Environmental degradation can have a human impact or impact, as do many other aspects of human activity that have human dimensions, India said in a statement to the UN Security Council for a high-level open debate on the maintenance of international peace and security: environmental The Human Impact of Elevation and Peace. and safety.
“However, combining everything related to environmental issues with peace and security does nothing to increase our understanding of the problem; There is nothing to help us address these issues in a meaningful way and nothing to help exclude real criminals and follow their commitments on environmental issues or change people’s behavior on a subsistence level Does, ”it said.
India said that in many cases, the perpetrators of environmental degradation may well be “outside national boundaries”, while the victims are inside.
“Is peace and security then the right paradigm to resolve the issue or is strengthening the implementation of agreements an appropriate and perhaps more effective way to do this?” Said this
India said that there has been an increasing trend both in and out of the Security Council, which began to discuss environmental issues with a definite “disregard” for various key principles that govern environmental discussions, including climate change and biological diversity. Still working.
The principles of such common but differentiated responsibilities are sacrosanct.
India cautioned that “by shying away from these principles and other commitments and attempting to discuss such issues, be held responsible for addressing those who dissent only on the real issue rather than making them more meaningful to address” will do.
“Consequently, linking environmental degradation to human impact and then peace and security in no meaningful way enhances our collective effort to address environmental degradation,” said India.
It also stated that a collective to address such important issues without shaking commitments under important conventions such as the UN Framework Convention for Combat Desertification, the Convention on Biological Diversity, Climate Change and the Paris Agreement Willpower is required.
“We need this, so there is more resolution to implement commitments and contributions made under environmental agreements rather than ‘securitization’ of environmental issues.”
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has consistently stated that in 2050, large emitters like the US, China, the European Union, Japan, Russia and India should commit to carbon neutrality.
He also called on India and other G20 countries to invest in clean, sustainable change, especially as they overcome the COVID-19 epidemic.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi began the auction process for 41 coal blocks for commercial mining in June, a move that opened up India’s coal sector to private players, calling it a major step towards achieving India’s self-sufficiency.
Guterres has expressed concern over countries doubling domestic coal and opening coal auctions, saying that this strategy would only harm economic contraction and health outcomes.
In the UNSC debate, India stated that greater sensitivity is needed regarding the energy mix of different countries, many of which are not of their choosing.
“All countries with different energy blends with the same brush must resist the temptation of painting. The touchstone should be whether related commitments are being followed and a particular energy source is not being demonstrated and action is being sought without a biological energy transition that requires large financial commitments.
India stressed that environmental degradation is a multifaceted issue and it affects not only ecosystems but also the people who depend and live on it.
New Delhi said that environmental degradation can be caused by people who live on it due to a range of inter-related factors, which can be poverty and not necessarily greed.
“In many developing countries, such problems arise from problems related to people living at a subsistence level. The question then is, do we want to consider poverty and subsistence agriculture as issues of peace and security? India asked.
India stressed that even the best science available does not suggest that environmental degradation is a threat to peace and security.
Highlighting its role as a leading contributor to ‘climate action’, India said that over the years, the country has reduced carbon emissions by 38 million tonnes annually.
During the last decade, around three million hectares of forest and tree cover have been added, which has increased the combined forest and tree cover to 24.56 percent of the total geographical area of ​​the country, it said.
Going forward, India aims to reestablish 2030 hectares of displaced and deforested land and achieve land-degradation neutrality by 2030.
The country has also set additional targets to eliminate single-use plastics by 2022 and to install 450GW renewable energy by 2030.

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