Several Indian states are considering implementing a controversial two-child policy and encouraging sterilization through population control.
India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in Brazil, has announced draft legislation that would see anyone with more than two children denied government benefits, subsidies and government jobs. Has gone After a family has two children, if one of the parents voluntarily undergoes sterilization, there will also be benefits.
The bill was introduced by the state government of Uttar Pradesh, which is controlled by the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which also rules the central government. Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath is considered one of the party’s toughest nationalist figures, and will run again in next year’s state elections.
The state government said the bill was due to “limited environmental and economic resources at hand” which made it “necessary and urgent to make the provision of basic necessities of human life accessible to all citizens”.
The northeastern state of Assam, which is also ruled by the BJP, announced plans last month to cut off government benefits to families with more than two children. And the state, the state of Gujarat has also been informed. Consider similar legislation.
When parliament convenes this month, the BJP is also expected to introduce a bill on population control.
However, while India is expected to overtake China as the world’s largest population in the next decade, many have questioned the need for and motivation for the proposed two-child policy in Indian states. ۔ Although Uttar Pradesh has a population of 240 million, research shows that the birth rate in the state has halved between 1993 and 2016 and is steadily declining, with the forecast that by 2025, every mother The average number will be 2.1. .
Similarly, the trend of decline is being witnessed all over India. A report by the National Family Health Survey in 2020 states that the overall fertility rate – the number of children born per woman – has dropped in 14 of the 17 states and now stands at 2.1 or less.
The BJP’s decision to propose a two-child policy by several state governments is politically motivated and an appeal to Hindu voters, especially in Uttar Pradesh, where state elections are to be held next year. The source has been viewed. In states such as Uttar Pradesh and Assam, which have large Muslim populations, there is a widespread but uncertain belief that Muslim families are maximizing productivity, harnessing valuable resources and making the Hindu minority a minority. Putting as a threat.
The two-child policy has already been implemented in various forms in 12 states across India, but since then four states have repealed it due to lack of evidence of impact. Campaigners have warned that the policy has a disproportionate impact on women, especially single mothers, and urge the government to focus on contraceptives and education to control the population.
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