Although the tiger habitat in the Malnad region of Karnataka did not increase between 1970 and 2015, there were stricter law enforcement, intervention by non-governmental organizations, and voluntary rehabilitation of people from wildlife reserves to tiger numbers from 70. 391 According to a letter published on 16 November in the Biological Conservation of Elsevier Journal.
The paper states that the Mallenad landscape, which includes 14 protected areas including Bandipur, Nagarhole, Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple (BRT), and Anshi-Dandeli wildlife sanctuaries have a potential tiger habitat of 21,000 km. The area could potentially support 1300 tigers.
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According to the All India Tiger Estimates results released on Monday, between 2014 and 2018, the number of tigers in India recorded a 33% increase. The tiger census released last year indicated that there were 2,967 tigers in India in 2018, compared to 2,226 in 2014.
The letter, written by veteran wildlife biologist K Ullas Karant, N Samba Kumar, and conservation scientist Kriti Karanth, is based on field data and practical experience gained in the Malend Tiger Program (MTP). MTP is a multi-disciplinary initiative by Ullas Karath of the Center for Wildlife Studies (CWS). The program consisted of a series of inter-related projects, which focused on the recovery and rigorous monitoring of wild tiger populations in the landscape.
The study found that tigers have recovered in the Malend region amid significant human population growth, increased life expectancy and overall poverty reduction in the region.
“From our analysis, we conclude that despite fragmented habitats, tiger populations are able to recover in areas of India with high human population density, economic growth and development. In contrast, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and other tiger landscapes in the hills of north-eastern India support more extensive, less-fragmented forests and have lower levels of human population density and development, ”the paper said. It states that this may be due to factors that do not promote effective law enforcement that may lead to tiger conservation.
The authors of the paper recommend conservation interventions that are placed in the context of people’s aspirations and socio-economic development. His main recommendations include focusing on future tiger recovery efforts and investment in wildlife areas that are currently well below their carrying capacity. Currently, the focus is limited to old reserves such as Nagarhole and Bandipur.
Second, the recovery pattern of earlier tigers in Malend also suggests that effective law enforcement and voluntary village settlements are two major interventions that increase prey and tiger density. The authors conclude that it is necessary to prioritize these two interventions in the budget and focus on action plans for tiger recovery.
As per the paper, Anshi-Dandeli, Bhadra-Kudremukh, Nagarhole-Bandipur and BRT Kaveri clusters are currently below 96%, 72%, 39% and 76% with their respective capacities.
“The key to bringing back tigers and other such threatened species lies in prudently separating land from nature conservation and human development, recognizing the continuing need for effective law enforcement, encouraging rather than stopping non-governmental conservation efforts Doing, and Accepting Reality The study’s lead author, K Ullas Karanth, said that wildlife conservation must succeed under a broader social mandate for economic and technological progress.
Independent experts said that the paper fails to thwart the efforts by tribal communities living in the forests to protect their rights and their rights over forests.
“The current way of transferring tribal and forest-dwelling communities from tiger reserves is a violation of laws and actually defeats the purpose of tiger conservation. Communities in India have a long history of forest and wildlife conservation. Community conservation efforts have been recognized and strengthened by the FRA. Very few examples of community forest rights such as the Tiger Reserve being recognized, such as Simlipal of Odisha and BRT of Karnataka have strengthened conservation efforts, ”said Tushar Dash, a member of Community Forest Rights, an advocacy group.
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