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Mallya’s soldiers leave through the streets of Bamco, Mali, 19 August 2020 (AFP)
BAMAKO, MALI: IN SOLDIERS Mali who led Coup Who beat the president Ibrahim Baubaker Keita On Wednesday, there was a promise of a fresh election for the return of civilian rule in the country, amid intense condemnation of his put in Africa and the international community.
The militant soldiers who led the coup Tuesday identified themselves as the National Liberation Committee in an address on state broadcaster ORTM.
Spokesperson Colonel Major said, “With you, standing as one, we can restore this country to its former greatness.” Ismail Vag, Announcing that the borders of Mali were closed and curfew was imposed from 9 am to 5 am.
Veg said the committee would change the civil political rule with elections “in due time”, without specifying a deadline.
Mali is strategically located at the center of West AfricaHas seen a dramatic increase in Islamic extremist violence this year, sparking discontent among the population and neighboring countries. A UN peacekeeping force of 15,600 troops and a French mission of more than 5,000 in the region have not succeeded in stopping the insurgents’ violence, and have become targets of attacks. The risk of instability in Mali Sahel The area, where the US has about 1,400 troops, including special forces.
The UN quickly criticized the military takeover and the Security Council held a closed meeting on Wednesday afternoon to discuss the ongoing situation in Mali. The influential West African regional bloc ECOWAS said that it was “sending a high-level delegation to ensure an immediate return to the order of the Constitution.”
ECOWAS had previously sent mediators to try and negotiate a unitary government but those negotiations broke down when it became clear that the protesters would consider nothing short of Keta’s resignation.
Blak denounced the overthrow of Keta, “deprived the legionists of any kind of legitimacy”, calling for sanctions against the coup-goers and their allies and allies. ECOWAS also said in its statement that it would stop all economic, trade and financial flows and transactions between ECOWAS states and Mali.
The African Union also condemned the coup and called for a swift withdrawal of civil rule.
President of France Emmanuel Macron Condemned the military takeover and promised full support in the ECOWAS mediation effort, but his office said it would not comment until after the UN Security Council meeting on Wednesday.
The coup is a blow to France and Macron, who have supported Keita and sought to improve relations with former colonies in Africa.
There was no immediate word on Keita’s future. The former president, elected in 2013 with more than 77% of the vote, still had three years left in his second and final term.
The news of his departure was received by anti-government protesters in the capital from Jubilee, BamakoAnd alarm by former colonial ruler France, and other allies and foreign countries.
Keeta’s popularity had plummeted due to Mali’s deteriorating security situation and since June the government’s protests have led to calls for his resignation.
On Tuesday, rebel soldiers forced bullets around his residence and into the air. Keita and the Prime Minister were soon taken into custody and hours later he appeared in the state broadcaster ORTM. A banner at the bottom of the television screen called him “outgoing president”.
“I wish no blood was shed to keep me in power,” Keita said. “I have decided to go out of the office.”
He also announced that his government and the National Assembly would be dissolved.
Keita, who tried to meet the protesters’ demands through several concessions, has received widespread support from France and other Western allies.
The deteriorating security situation for the soldiers was one of several issues that played a major role in the coup, Alexandre Remakers, a risk consultant, Veris Maplecroft, a senior analyst for Africa.
A contributing factor was the late and underpaid payment to army soldiers, he said. Soldiers ‘wives protested late in the year earlier on pay as the threat from extremist attacks on soldiers’ lives increased.
“Relations between the president and the military have been deteriorating since the beginning of the year,” Remicar said, noting that especially the rights groups have condemned the extraordinary killings by the Mali military. Keita gave a poignant speech in February criticizing the military’s overall conduct in its anti-insurgency efforts.
After appealing for the removal of Keita despite demonstrations on the streets for several months, Remakers said it was “highly unlikely” that opposition leaders were aware of the premature coup. Some of them, however, may later play a role in a civil transitional government, he said.
“Popular support for a military coup will be conditional on confirmationists to return to civilian regulations and address population concerns about deteriorating security conditions and deteriorating socioeconomic conditions.”
The events on Tuesday attacked the 2012 coup of Mali, which originated from the very military barracks in Kati. The previous coup in Mali brought an end to the chaos of the years when the ensuing power vacuum allowed Islamic extremists to gain control of northern cities. A French-led military campaign eventually drove out the jihadists, but they only regrouped and expanded their reach during the presidential presidency of Keita in Mali.
The political void created by the coup on Tuesday will reinforce statements by Islamic extremists that the Malian state is unfit, Remakers said. He said the coup would also undermine trust between the military and Western allies.
Keita’s political fallout saw his predecessors up close: Amdou Toumani Torre was forced out of the presidency in 2012 after being sentenced to military defeats. At the time, attacks were carried out by ethnic Tuareg separatist rebels. This time, Mali’s military sometimes seems powerless to stop extremists associated with al-Qaeda and IS.
The International Committee of the Red Cross in Mali called on the citizens to not forget their needs.
“The military coup in Mali comes with years of conflict and violence in a region of widespread conflict that has left millions in crisis,” said Klaus Spryerman, head of the ICRC’s delegation in Mali.
“People in northern and central Mali have lived for years in a severe cycle of conflict and climate shock that drove them out of their homes and destroyed their livelihoods. Their needs should not be forgotten.”
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