Nitrogen dioxide levels fell by more than 70% during Kovid-19 lockdown in New Delhi: U.N.

Nitrogen dioxide levels fell by more than 70% during Kovid-19 lockdown in New Delhi: U.N.

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United Nations: Nitrogen dioxide levels dropped by more than 70 percent during the lockout in New Delhi, a UN policy brief said on Tuesday, environmental benefits if cities reopen without policies to stop them May be temporary. Wind Promoting pollution and de-carbonization.
The UN Secretary-General’s policy on The Kovid-19 in an Urban World states that urban areas have become the epicenter of the epidemic, with an estimated 90 percent of all reported Kovid-19 cases. It also pointed out that many new scientific studies show that the poor Wind Quality correlated with higher Kovid-19 mortality.
Their population size and their high degree of global and local interdependence make them particularly vulnerable to the spread of the virus.
The brief said that pollution and greenhouse gas emissions declined sharply during the epidemic when countries stopped their economies to stop the spread of the virus, these environmental benefits are expected to be temporary if economies again do without policies. Opens up which prevents Wind Promoting pollution and decarbonization.
“Nitrogen dioxide levels fell by more than 70 percent during the lockout in New Delhi (India), 40 percent in urban areas in China, 20 percent in Belgium and Germany, and 1940 percent of the US in different regions,” Brief said.
He said that a small increase in fine particulate matter is associated with an 8 percent increase and a mortality rate of up to 21.4 percent, in the US and the Netherlands respectively.
New evidence also impacts on maternal mortality rates for pregnant women and newborns, particularly among populations already experiencing socio-economic stress due to being marginalized.
On Kovid-19 outbreaks in informal settlements, Brief said that in Mumbai, as of mid-April 2020, 30 percent of designated zone areas – which are large outbreaks – were in slums, while 60 percent were within 100 meters. Were within the scope. This is an informal agreement.
United Nations chief Antonio Guterres said in his message that urban areas were the ground zero of the Kovid-19 epidemic, 90 percent of the reported cases.
“Cities are bearing the brunt of the crisis – with many stressful health systems, inadequate water and sanitation services, and other challenges. This is particularly the case in poor areas where the epidemic has exposed deep inequalities,” he said. said.
“We must act with the same readiness and resolve to transform cities and address climate and pollution crises. Now is the time to revive and re-shape the urban world,” he said.
Brief said that recognizing the differentiated risk of risks and effects, some governments have devised tailored measures for vulnerable groups. It cites the example of Pune where a group of waste-pickers are distributing gloves and masks to informal waste-pickers.
“In many cities, informal waste-pickers make an important contribution to waste management, but are at increased risk during an epidemic without adequate protection,” it said.
Brief stated that urban density does not necessarily correlate with high virus transmission. Cities are largely undermined, because of how they are organized and how people live, work and travel in and around them.
The epidemic has also highlighted the deep disparities in how people live in cities, and how cities serve their residents. Already insecure people have suffered the most – 24% of the world’s urban population lives in slums, and less than half the global population can access open public spaces within 400 meters of walking distance from their homes.
The UN chief said that the policy briefly recommends that there is a need to ensure that all phases of the epidemic response deal with inequalities and long-term development deficits and protect social cohesion.
“We should give priority to those who are most vulnerable in our cities, including guaranteeing safe shelter and emergency shelter for all without homes,” he said, adding access to water and sanitation is also important.
He said that the inadequate state of public services in many cities needed immediate attention, especially in informal settlements.
The UN chief said, “About a quarter of the world’s urban population lives in slums. Local governments are already taking action – from prohibiting evictions during crises to new clean water stations in the cleanest areas Till the application. ”
He said there is also a need to strengthen the capacities of local governments and this requires decisive action – and deeper cooperation between local and national authorities.
“The Stimulus package and other reliefs should support sustained responses and boost local government capacity,” Guterres said.
The brief also recommends that nations should pursue a green, flexible and inclusive economic reform.
“By focusing on high ecological change and job creation, incentive packages can drive growth towards a low-carbon, resilient path and advance sustainable development goals,” he said.

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