Infrastructure and facilities are the second biggest concern, with 20 states/UTs scoring less than 80% of the maximum possible score of 150 in this area.
The grading index, which analyzes the performance of states on 70 parameters, has placed Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Rajasthan, Puducherry, Dadra and Nagar Haveli in the A+ category.
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Punjab has scored the highest marks in terms of governance and management, Bihar and Meghalaya have scored the lowest in terms of infrastructure and facilities.
On the bright side, two states, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Odisha, have shown significant improvement in the infrastructure sector between 2019-20 and 2018-19, indicating that states and union territories have improved their infrastructure and facilities. have begun to take action to improve, albeit to a different extent.
Overall 13 States/UTs have shown an improvement of 10% marks in the infrastructure and facilities sector. Nineteen States/UTs have shown an improvement of 10% marks or more in the area of governance process. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan and West Bengal have improved by at least 20%.
“While it is common knowledge that there is a shortage of teachers and principals and administrative staff, lack of regular supervision and oversight, inadequate training of teachers, timely availability of finance (all of which is occupied in the governance and management domains) some such Factors affecting the education system in the country, this is the first time that there is a credible tool that verifies it,” the report said, arguing for the weak performance in the field of governance.
The index for infrastructure looked at “indicators like availability of ICT facilities and timely availability of textbooks and uniforms, which are important inputs for better performance of students (and as mentioned in the RTE Act).”
“Through PGI, shortfall can be measured objectively and regularly. It is important to take the necessary steps to close the gap.”
In terms of learning outcomes, it is observed that, in general, “marks obtained in higher standards are lower than those obtained in lower standards,” and according to the report, “therefore, it is imperative to ensure better interventions due to lower standards.” This will have a positive wider impact at higher levels. The upcoming NAS will provide greater clarity in measuring improvements in learning outcomes.”
The PGI for the states and union territories was first published in 2019 with the reference year 2017-18. PGI for 2019-20 is the third publication in this series.
The PGI exercise envisages that the index will motivate the States/UTs to undertake multi-pronged interventions that will bring the much desired optimum education outcomes. This index helps the States/UTs to pinpoint gaps and accordingly prioritize areas for intervention to ensure that the school education system is sound at all levels.
As per the index, most of the States/UTs have improved their grades in PGI 2019-20 as compared to the previous years. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Puducherry, Punjab and Tamil Nadu have improved the overall PGI score by 10%, while Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Odisha have shown more than 10% point improvement in the equity sector.
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