Scientists turned to computers to understand C4 photo synthesis during coding

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WASHINGTON: A team of researchers at the University of Essex has turned to computational approaches to understand that some plants are exposed to light and carbon dioxide through serious light. What makes it better to convert to production.
He published his findings in the journal Frontiers of Plant Science. There are two types of photosynthesis: C3 and C4. Most food crops rely on C3 photosynthesis where the carbon inside the cells is called mesyphil in sugar where oxygen is abundant.
However, oxygen can inhibit photosynthesis. C4 crops developed special bundle sheath cells to concentrate carbon dioxide, making C4 photosynthesis 60% more efficient.
In this study, the scientists wanted to know if C4 crops are able to express many important enzymes inside bundle sheath cells instead of mesophyll.
“The ultimate goal is to be able to understand these mechanisms so that we can improve C3 photosynthesis in food crops such as cowpea and cassava, as smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa depend on their family’s food and income.” Post-doctoral researchers are working to understand the growing photosynthetic efficacy (RIPE) in aesthetics.
Led by the University of Illinois at Corn R. Vice Institute for Genomic Biology, RIPE aims to improve food synthesis in collaboration with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Food and Agriculture Research Foundation, and the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Cooperation. To increase production. Office.
The RIPE project and its sponsors are committed to ensuring global access and making the project’s technologies available to farmers who need them.
The team compared the DNA of four C3 grass crops (including barley and rice) and four C4 grass crops (including corn and George). Their purpose was to identify areas of DNA that could control the expression of the four enzymes involved in synthesis.
This study is likely the first comparison of the expression of these enzymes (SBPase, FBPase, PRK, and GAPDH) in C3 and C4 crops.
“It would be nice to find a ‘master regulator’ working in all of these enzymes, but we didn’t find it, and we suspect it doesn’t exist,” said Ephemphol. the study From your apartment during epidemics
Instead, they discovered that C4 crops have several “activators” in their DNA that stimulate expression in bundle sheaths and “stressors” that limit expression in the mesophyll. He hopes to use this genetic code to improve light-efficient C3 crops in the future.
“Efforts are already underway to help SC crops run like C4 crops,” said Christine Rennes, principal principal investigator at the School of Life Sciences in Essex, where she also serves as Pro Vice Chancellor of Research Perform services.
“This kind of education helps us identify the tiny pieces inside an incredibly complex machine that we need to understand before we can improve and clean it again,” Rains added.
The next step is to correct these results in the lab. The team returned to their lab benches on July 6, 2020, following all recommended safety guidelines from the Essex School of Life Sciences.

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