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Study reveals how the dream job and job you get are intertwined

Washington: A study led by a team of international researchers reported the existence of significant discrepancies between youth’s dream jobs and employment realities.
A psychology researcher at the University of Houston believes that when it comes to career aspirations for teens, it’s best to shoot for the moon so they can at least take off into the stars. The truth is that the Moon can sometimes be impassable.
The study’s findings were published in the Journal of Career Assessment.
“Nearly 50 percent of teens aspire to investigative or artistic careers, which together account for only 8 percent of the U.S. labor market,” reports Hoff, whose research found 42 to 3,367 teens (ages 13-18) pursue careers. Examine aspirations. US states. Investigative jobs include those in science and research.
Hoff’s team undertook a large-scale coding effort using business information networks (O*Net) to compile business interests of automation risk levels, educational needs, and career aspirations.
“The results showed that most teens aspire to a career with a low potential for automation. However, there were large discrepancies between teen aspirations and the number of jobs available in the labor market,” Hoff said.
For women, the most popular aspirations were doctors, veterinarians, teachers, and nurses. Doctors were most popular in early adolescence (around 12 percent of all female aspirations aged 13–15), while veterinarians, teachers and nurses were more popular in late adolescence (ages 16–18).
For men, the athlete was the most popular aspiration during early adolescence (accounting for 22–32 percent of male aspirations at age 13–15), but became less popular in late adolescence (at age 16–5 years). accounting for 13 percent) 18).
“Both men and women showed a similar pattern of increasing variability in their career aspirations with age, reflecting more diverse career goals,” Hoff said. In fact, reality may come to the fore. Many 13-year-old men who wanted to become professional athletes had changed their mind at age 18 to aspire to more attainable jobs.
One of the most important ways to help kids set ambitious, realistic career goals is by telling them about the different types of careers they wouldn’t naturally see in their daily lives.
“Young girls often want to be teachers because that’s what they see every day,” Hoff said. “It is equally important to show them that other occupations exist, especially lesser-known careers with increasing employment demands in STEM fields,” Hoff said, adding that teachers often struggle to direct those students. There are people who have very high career ambitions but mediocre grades, although there is an upside to having such ambitions.
“Adolescents who want to be doctors can do really well in medicine by doing something else, and that’s a positive outcome. The downside is that they may be working toward an unattainable career, pursuing an education.” Which is a poor fit in interest or ability,” Hoff said.
Despite the rapidly changing labor market, there has been little research into how youth’s career goals correspond to future projections of work. “Career development research like this can have a positive impact in preparing individuals and societies for the future of work,” Hoff said.
Finally, Hoff’s work doesn’t discourage ambition but rather raises the need for a good backup plan.
“It’s good to encourage students to pursue prestigious careers, but as they get older, a parent, teacher or counselor should also be genuine with them and help them understand how many people really want to pursue their careers. work in the field of dreams, and how likely it is that they will get a job in that field,” Hoff said.
Spoiler alert: Only 2 percent of Americans are employed in the arts. Hoff’s team included Drake van Egdom of the University of Houston; Alexis Hannah, University of Nevada-Reno; Chris Napolitano and James Rounds, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.


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