Referring to CPCB’s assessment of these clusters on various green parameters, CPCB said Tarapur in Maharashtra had emerged as the most polluted industrial cluster in the country after Mathura (UP), Bulandshahr-Khurja (UP). Moradabad (UP), Vadodara (Gujarat), Najafgarh Drain Basin (Delhi), Kanpur (UP) and Varanasi-Mirzapur (UP) between 2009 and 2018.
Citing the CPCB’s Comprehensive Environmental Pollution Index (CEPI) to come into the index on a scale of 100 spanning air, water and soil contamination, the report – CSE’s annual publication of Down to Earth – noted that at 88 Out of 35 industrial clusters showing overall environmental degradation, 33 pointed to deteriorating air quality, 45 had water which was more polluted while 17 had land pollution which has worsened in 2018 as compared to 2009.
“The overall assessment is that our air and water quality is under stress. All trends suggest that pollution is increasing and this is having a large impact on our health. Even during the lockdown, data shows that river pollution did not decrease. Obviously, we were told by CSE Director General Sunita Narayan that we need to do a lot to improve the quality of the air we breathe and the water we drink.
On air quality standards, the report found that the CEPI air quality score increased from 52 in 2009 to over 85 out of 100 in Delhi’s Najafgarh drain basin in 2018, while in Mathura (UP) it ranged from 48 to 86 in 2009 Gone. . Similarly, the Bulandshahr-Khurja region in UP almost doubled its score and combined with other groups above 70 such as Gajraula (UP) and Siltara (Chhattisgarh). On the water quality front, Sanganer in Rajasthan and Gurugram in Haryana had the worst scores in 2018, while Manali was the worst on land pollution standards.
“This is a telling decision. CEPI data clearly indicates that no action has been taken over the years to control and reduce pollution even in areas that have already been identified as ‘severe’ or ‘seriously polluted’ Were, ”said Navit Kumar Yadav, Program Director, Industrial Pollution Unit of CSE.
The report, which used publicly available data, also flagged India’s dismal performance in terms of sustainable development, seeing how the country currently ranks 117th among 192 nations in terms of sustainable development Located where it is now overtaking all South Asian countries Pakistan.
“In relation to meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the five best performing states in India are Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu And Telangana. According to the same parameter, the five worst performing states have been Bihar, Jharkhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Uttar Pradesh. ‘
Underlining the impact of Kovid-19, the report states that the country ‘Epidemic generation‘Where 375 million children (from new-born to 14-year-olds) can withstand long-term effects, ranging from underweight, stunting and increased child mortality, to reduced education and work productivity. Huh. It noted that the epidemic also has its own hidden victims – more than 500 million children are out of school worldwide, with more than 50% of India.
Looking at the lessons that India has learned over the years and especially during the epidemic, Narayan said, “The good news is that we are learning to do things differently. We are adopting technologies that will be affordable in large numbers and therefore be sustainable. This is where the answer would be – in sewage treatment done in a different way, to mobility systems that would move people and not cars. ”
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