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The climate crisis will have a devastating effect on India

New Delhi: A climate emergency will have a devastating human and economic impact on India. Various hazards will interact with destructive influences, such as through storm surges and despair during the second wave of Cove 19 epidemics.
A new overview of the global think tank, One Day. The cost of climate change in India, released on Tuesday, explains how rising temperatures will threaten India’s economic growth through various channels, including declining agricultural productivity and the impact on public health. Impacts include declining labor productivity and rising sea levels.
This study is the first review of the literature on the economic costs of climate change in India. Up to one degree Celsius in global temperatures, the country is already facing losses. Floods in India have caused 3 3 billion in economic losses over the past decade – accounting for 10% of global economic losses.
Evidence clearly shows that the human and economic costs of climate change will only increase in the coming years, especially without immediate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A study shows that if global warming reaches three degrees Celsius, India’s GDP will fall by 90% by 2100.
“India is already feeling the effects of climate change, reporting temperatures above 48 degrees in 2020 and affecting one billion people for at least one month of the year,” said Angela Picarillo, senior research officer at ODIs. There is a severe shortage of water.
If practical steps are not taken to reduce emissions to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, human and economic losses will increase. ”
The overall cost of heatwaves, floods, water shortages, storms, rising sea levels and other climate-related risks will be determined by the direction and level of economic growth. Choices made in local planning and infrastructure investments and the way different risks coincide.
Amir Baz, senior lead practice at the Indian Institute for Human Resettlement, said: “As we now see hurricanes and despair, low-income and other disadvantaged groups are most at risk from the effects of climate change. Most survive in slums that lack basic services and infrastructure that can reduce the risk.
“Many families also live in dangerous places, such as on steep slopes and floodplains. It is important to bring climate and development goals together.”
The study found that India’s GDP would be about 25 per cent higher today, had it not been for the current costs of global warming. Looking ahead, the numbers are even more serious.
Researchers have assessed the various mechanisms by which climate change will affect the Indian economy, and predicted that due to declining agricultural production, rising sea levels and rising health costs At 2100, global GDP could drop by three degrees in GDP.
He says changes in temperature and rainfall have led to a decline in labor productivity, which has led to a 13.4 percent increase in global warming from four degrees Celsius.
Ratheen Roy, Managing Director (Research & Policy) at ODIs, said, “Pursuing a clean, efficient path with more development resources can accelerate economic recovery for India and accelerate India’s prosperity in the long run. Can help secure competition.
“Low-carbon options are more efficient and less polluting, with immediate benefits such as clean air, greater energy security and faster job creation.”
Much depends on India’s policy, investment and diplomatic choices over the next decade.
The only country in the G20 that currently has a ‘two degree Celsius compatibility’ nationally agreed partnership (NDC), India is already doing its fair share of climate mitigation.
However, adhering to a more carbon efficient and flexible path will allow India to reap the benefits of development.
Given India’s low personal emissions and low middle-income status, it may need international cooperation to do so.


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