The epidemic of many countries experiencing climate action catch-ups delayed in 2021

The epidemic of many countries experiencing climate action catch-ups delayed in 2021

BARCELONA: Less than half of the countries committed to strengthening their climate action goals in 2020 did so by the end of last year, as the epidemic slowed efforts to update climate diplomacy and national plans, a developing nations group Said on Friday.
A tracker run by the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) presented revised climate plans to the United Nations, meeting the 2020 deadline under the Paris Agreement to combat global warming.
This was about 45% of the 160 countries that had previously stated that they intended to submit plans – which were called nationally determined contributions last year.
Of those who filed the updated plans, 69 made more ambitious climate commitments, either scaling up efforts to cut planetary heat emissions, adapting to more extreme weather and rising seas, or both.
They included Britain, European Union nations, several Latin American governments, and a few small island states, as well as a handful of African and Southeast Asian countries.
The 48-member CVF said that Brazil, North Korea, Japan and New Zealand have submitted updated climate action plans, but lacked a high degree of ambition.
Salimul Haque, a Bangladeshi academic who chairs CVF’s expert advisory group, said the low number of 2020 submissions showed the 2015 Paris Agreement – which sets national plans, should be strengthened every five years – “Its first and most important test” was a failure.
He urged governments to show “genuine climate ambitions that communities would benefit” in 2021 as their economies began to recover from the COVID-19 crisis.
The CVF said 57 countries set strong targets for their climate-change emission reductions in 2020, which is just 13% of global emissions.
It said 66 countries have committed to do more to adapt to a warmer planet, home to 1.67 billion people, one-fifth of the global population of 7.8 billion.
“I think we have seen this process begin, but then a much larger amount is to be found this year,” said David Vasco, director of the International Climate Initiative at the World Resources Institute.
Prior to the global turmoil caused by the coronovirus crisis, 190 countries submitted climate action plans under the Paris Agreement, which were due to revise those contributions in 2020, to ensure that they met the agreement’s goals Added for.
This includes keeping global warming “well below” 2 ° C and ideally 1.5C above pre-industrial times.
But the world has already warmed up to just over 1C and is on track to heat at least 3C this century, the United Nations has said – a clear sign that more ambition is needed.
The lockdown caused by the epidemic forced the British host of the 2020 United Nations Climate Summit, known as COP26, to postpone it. The talks are now scheduled to be held in November 2021.
The delay, after President Donald Trump pulled his country out of the Paris Agreement, combined with uncertainty over US climate action, led some countries, including China and other large emitters, to stop finalizing their plans. Has given
Vasco reported that the UK and European Union countries committed to strengthen emission reduction targets for 2030 in December.
The UK said it would cut its emissions by at least 68% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels, while EU states reduced their net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% from 1990 levels by 2030 Agreed to significantly tighten the current 40% target.
Vasco told the Thomson Reuters Foundation, “They have raised the bar and shown what major economies it is – and especially developed countries….”
US President-Elect Joe Biden takes office later this month and has pledged to fast-forward the Paris Agreement and to more ambitious climate pledges to leaders of major countries during their first 100 days in office.
Worst move
Eight of the 46 poorest countries in the world submitted a robust climate plan by 2020, Anna Schulz, head of the London-based International Institute for Environment and Development’s Global Climate Law, Policy and Governance Program.
Another 11 are expected to do so soon, despite technical and financial constraints worsened by the epidemic, he said.
In the plans so far completed by Cambodia, Ethiopia, Senegal, Rwanda, Nepal and other countries, there is a “really exciting increase” in planned emission cuts, either overall or by incorporating new economic sectors and activities, he said. Added.
Of course, this is despite the fact that they are the most vulnerable to climate change and the least responsible for it, he said, taking into account the least developed countries want to lead by example and meet 1.5C Do their part to do. Warming round.
They are also stepping up their game with adaptation, he said, with Nepal, for example, helping local governments come up with planned plans for their regions.
Zambia outlined measures to protect its six waterfields, make better use of its water and promote climate-smart farming to promote food security.
Meanwhile, Bangladesh cited its “Delta Plan 2100”, which aims to deal with the risk of flooding and drought in hotspots along major rivers and coastal areas.
Adaptation actions include everything from building high embankments against flooding to moving coastal communities to safer places, capturing rainwater, irrigating land and switching to more drought-tolerant crops.
Patrick Verkoijen, CEO of the Netherlands-based Global Center on Adaptation, said the fact that more countries have improved targets than targets set to improve climate emissions, “Governments are more concerned about adaptation than ever I am serious “.
“The climate emergency has clearly arrived,” he said.
His organization a virtual global summit on adaptation on January 25–26 to expand efforts to strengthen high-level political will and help people adjust to floods, droughts and hurricanes and rising sea levels Is conducting

STAY TUNED WITH US FOR MORE INTERESTING CONTENT ONLY ON DESINEW.XYZ

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *