The report states that the approach to conservation of the Western Ghats

The report states that the approach to conservation of the Western Ghats

KOCHI: India’s iconic Western Ghats engraved by UNESCO as a natural world heritage site in 2012 are threatened by population pressure, urbanization and climate change, according to a new report by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
The IUCN World Heritage Outlook 3, published last week, builds on previous reports in 2014 and 2017 to find out whether the world’s 252 natural world heritage reserves are long enough to preserve them.
According to the 2020 report, one of the eight hottest places for biological diversity, the conservation approach to the mountain ranges of the Western Ghats is of significant concern.
If the approach to site conservation is of significant concern, its values ​​are considered threatened by a number of current and / or potential hazards requiring significant additional conservation measures to preserve these values ​​over the medium to long term.
The report stated that the state of world heritage values ​​in the property was considered good at the time of inscription and, it appears, there is some concern about threats from outside the site.
Given that there are several major mammals, including parts of the single largest population of globally threatened landscape species, the report notes that due to developmental pressures in the Western Ghats the fragmentation is limited by the availability of wildlife corridors and protected areas. There are shrinking suitable habitats outside.
“The fact is that there is so much biodiversity in the Western Ghats, given the tremendous population pressure both within and around the property.
The report notes that a large number of threats, which seriously jeopardize the outstanding universal value of world heritage property, require coordinated conservation responses at all levels, including political, sociological, and biological.
It said that ongoing pressures for development such as construction of new roads and widening of existing roads, and power generation would continue to endanger property.
“Urbanization, livestock grazing and forest fragmentation along with agricultural expansion are also posing a serious threat to the species and habitats of the Western Ghats.
Climate change will likely exacerbate a system already under pressure and has the potential to impact large-scale monsoon processes that affect the Western Ghats, ”the latest assessment stated.
Politically, given the large number of different stakeholders operating throughout the Western Ghats region, it is extremely difficult to protect and manage them, given the complexity of governance and the fact that 40 percent of the original forests have already been destroyed. What was said.
It stated that functional corridors that assure that wildlife movement between protected areas are needed and that it is a great goal in the conservation landscape in the Western Ghats and India overall.
“The corridors have been identified, but no consistent and sincere efforts have been made to establish them. One such example in the Western Ghats is the Arinkavu corridor between the Periyar-Agastyamalai landscape,” the report said. Having said.
It added that security and management challenges are complicated by high population pressures and development hunger, as well as the apparent weak integration of management of sites with the broader national, state and local development plan.
Older than the Himalayan mountains, the mountain ranges of the Western Ghats represent geomorphological features of immense importance with unique biophysical and ecological processes.
High montane forest eco-systems influence the Indian monsoon weather patterns.
Controlling the region’s tropical climate, the site presents one of the best examples of the monsoon system on the planet.
According to UNESCO, the site’s forests include some of the best representatives of non-equatorial tropical evergreen forests and are home to at least 325 globally threatened flora, fauna, birds, amphibians, reptiles and fish species.
The property was demarcated in 2012, looking at some controversy to make the best decision to represent the extraordinary biological richness of the Western Ghats.
Finally, a network of 39 separately managed sites, grouped into seven contiguous clusters, was labeled and a composite is being prepared to link these sites together (including ensuring wildlife connectivity The corridor is also included) which tells the story of the outstanding value of the Western Ghats.
The report revealed the ability of the property to better convey its outstanding universal value to advance proposals and good potential, which was re-examined by the state’s willingness to include new areas within the constraints of World Heritage operating guidelines need to. The first ones were mainly missed due to administrative reasons.
The IUCN World Heritage Outlook provides a global assessment of natural world heritage based on data from a conservation standpoint for every natural site in the World Heritage List.
The new report presents the main findings of the 2020 Conservation Approach that provide overall results for all 252 natural sites currently listed, and a comparison of results for 228 sites for which three sets of assessments are now available (2014, 2017 And 2020)).

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