Triangle in pigs: How the world’s smallest wild hog was saved from extinction | Global development

T.That gray pygmy hog (Puglet Salvation), With its sparse hair and a smooth body that is the size of a cat, is the world’s smallest wild boar, and a rare part of it, appears on International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List As endangered.

Named after the meadows where they were first found, they once grew up in the lush Himalayan plains from Nepal to Uttar Pradesh. But today, in Assam, India, less than 300 people are thought to be living in the jungle.

The Pygmy Hog habitat has come under increasing pressure from human encroachment, encroachment and clearing land for agriculture. Dr. Gautam Narain, Project Advisor, Pygmy Hog Conservative Program (PHCP), says, “Pygmy Hog first disappears when his cousin changes habitat, unlike the Wild Rider, which changes its environment. Makes it better. “

While we focus on protecting the habitats of large famous animals such as rhinos, small animals such as pygmy hogs have very large barometers of habitat, and we must better manage these environmentally sensitive animals. “Even in the grasslands long before large species, they draw our attention to minute changes,” he added.

Pygmy hog transport crates placed at the release site in Mans
Pygmy Hog Transport crates at the residential site Photo: Gautam Narayan

In the 1960s, Pygmy Hogg was thought to be extinct, before it was “rediscovered” by a tea estate manager in 1971. Initial efforts to breed captives failed in 1995, when the PHPC was established by the Doral Wildlife Conservation Trust. IUCN Wild Pig Specialist Group, Department of Forests, Assam and Ministry of Environment, India.

The organization developed a captive breeding program aimed at reproducing animals in the wild.

Parag Deka, project director of the PHCP, a veterinary scientist who joined the program as an intern in 1997, said: “Successful breeding began after six hogs were caught in the Mansour Reserve in Osama.” “The re-identification of the captives began in 2008, with the release of 16 Pygmy Hogs in the Sungai Rupee Wildlife Sanctuary,” he added.

An adult male pygmy hog.
An adult male pygmy hog. Photographer: Parag Deca

At the PHCP’s Assam headquarters in Basista, the animals are reared and eventually released into the Orang, Sonai-Rupee and Bornadi wildlife sanctuaries. Before being released into the wild, hogs are kept in a special facility for five months.

“The Doral Wildlife Conservation Trust has experience bringing endangered species such as the Madagascar Eagle and the Rodriguez Fruit Bat to the brink of extinction, and learning from the captive breed and meeting their needs in the wild Is implemented, ”says Deka.

“We make sure that the chickens’ shirts live with minimal human contact, their extra food is reduced by 15% and they establish a collective relationship with these other thugs before they are released into the wild. Learn to do and take care of them. About 12 prisoners are released in a year.

A rare animal that feeds on lizards, fruits, grasses, insects, eggs and small reptiles, the chicken hog is one of the few mammals in the world that actually builds a house – a shallow depression in which It is also inscribed with plants and its roof. Branches

Once in the woods, however, keeping track of hogs is no easy task. “They are very shy and passionate creatures and it is almost impossible to see them while working in the fields,” says Narayan.

“With the help of camera nets as well as traces of their falling feet and marks, we manage to locate these hogs, and have evidence of genocide,” Deca added. “We’ve made a number of efforts to develop better tracking systems and now coin-sized implants have been used.”

A pink hug entered the forest from the living wall in Mans Reserve.
A pink hug entered the forest from the living wall in Mans Reserve. Photo: Gautam Narayan

The grasslands that inhabit them protect forest lands from flooding and provide fodder for livestock. “We work with local communities and the forest department on proper grassland management, limiting more grasses and suggesting alternatives to burning entire grasslands,” Deca said.

“Burning grassland to encourage fresh growth during the dry season is the biggest threat to Pygmy Higgs L., as they require dense structures throughout the year and build grass nests.”

According to Deca, the PHCP’s goal is that by 2025, on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the birth of British naturalist Gerald Doral, “the ecosystem will be restored, and the pig hog in these meadows will once again Then it can flourish. ”

“The purpose of my life is to bring this one generation back to the brink of extinction,” he added.

PHPC hopes that this goal will be achieved, but Narayan says: “Although we have these milestones to set, we also need to be aware of the various obstacles. Social and people-related issues Is concerned with the protection of the Pygmy Hog, from encroachments to local livelihoods.

“We’re working to sensitize the community to protect these last pockets of grasslands, which are important habitats not only for pygmy hugs but also for many other animals and birds.”

Find out more about coverage of extinction, and follow Biodiversity Correspondents Phoebe Weston And Patrick Greenfield For all the latest news and features on Twitter


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