More than a month after voters cast their ballots in the US presidential election, the electoral college holds a meeting on December 14 to receive their ballots. The US Constitution gives voters the power to elect a president and when all votes are counted, President-elect Joe Biden is expected to have 306 voter votes, with President Donald Trump’s 232 votes for more than 270 presidential elections. Is needed.
Here is everything you need to know about Electoral College and what happens next:
What is an electoral college?
The electoral college is a middle ground between electing the president by popular vote and being president of the US Congress. Under the US Constitution, states get several electors equal to their number of seats in Congress: apart from two senators, although the state has many members in the House of Representatives. With the exception of Maine and Nebraska, states give all the votes of their electoral college to the winner of the popular vote in their state.
Why is the concept of electoral college criticized?
The electorate has been the subject of criticism for more than two centuries because the person who wins the popular vote may still lose the presidential election. This has happened twice in the past two decades – with the election of George W. Bush in 2000 and in 2016 when Donald Trump lost to Hillary Clinton by nearly 3 million votes by popular vote.
Who are the electors and what do they do?
Presidential electors are usually elected officials, political optimists or longtime party loyalists. Electoral colleges do not find a place. Instead, the electors of each state and the electors of the District of Columbia meet at a place chosen by their legislature, usually the state capitals.
Voters cast their votes with paper votes: one ballot for the president and one for the vice president. Votes are counted and voters sign six certificates with results. Each certificate is combined with a certificate from the governor detailing the vote totals of the state.
Those six packets are then sent to various people specified by law. The most important copy, however, is sent to the current Vice President, President of the Senate. This is the copy that will later be officially counted.
Are voters bound to vote for the winning candidate in their state?
In 32 states and the District of Columbia, the laws require voters to have a popular-vote winner. The US Supreme Court unanimously upheld this arrangement in July. Voters almost always vote for the state winner anyway, as they are usually devoted to their political party.
What will happen next?
Once the electoral vote is cast, they are sent to Congress, where both Houses will convene on January 6 for a session chaired by Vice President Mike Pence. Envelopes will be opened from each state and the District of Columbia and the vote will be tallied.
If at least one member of each house has given some electoral votes in writing, then the House and Senate meet separately to debate the issue. Both houses should vote to maintain an objection to it, and the Democratic-led House is unlikely to go with any objection to Biden being voted out. Otherwise, votes are counted by states.
And then the next step is Inauguration Day.
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