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Vaccine inequality revealed in the world’s poorest nations due to dire situation | Africa

Only 1% of the 1.3 billion vaccines administered worldwide in Africa have been administered – and the comparative percentage has been declining in recent weeks. This is a dark figure that shows how serious the vaccine inequality has become globally. But the answer for the developing world is not as simple as providing more vaccines.

From Africa to Latin America, Asia and the Caribbean, the same issue has been replicated. In the upper echelons of food security, there have been supply problems, health care infrastructure problems and, in some countries, public reluctance to vaccinate.

However, there is a shortage of vaccines in Africa – and the supply of those who are delivered at the end – is not the first. Only 28 million doses can be supplied to the continent so far – less than 2% of the subcontinent’s population – at a time when some rich countries have well vaccinated more than half of their population.

One problem is that 40 African countries, as the World Health Organization recently pointed out, are relying on the Quakes facility, a scheme designed to provide cheap food to promote vaccine equality. The supply was supposed to come from the Serum Institute of India but has now been diverted to India for domestic use.

The WHO announced on Thursday that Africa needed at least 20 million oysters in the next six weeks to give a second shot to all those who received the first dose. In addition, the continent needs another 200 million doses of approved vaccines to vaccinate its population by September 10.

“Africa needs vaccines now,” said Dr Matshedsu Moti, WHO’s regional director for Africa, last week. “Any delay in our immunization campaigns will lead to lost lives and hope.”

“It is too early to say whether Africa is in the throes of a third wave. However, we know that cases are increasing, and the clock is ticking, so we urgently appeal to countries that have vaccinated their high-risk groups to fully protect the most vulnerable. Accelerate food sharing.

Supply concerns have affected vaccine programs in countries such as Kenya, where warnings have been issued that delays could lead to food delays, although some new doses are expected this weekend.

Vaccine rollout in South Africa, which is currently concerned about a third wave as winter approaches. The country, which has the highest infection burden on the continent, has switched from the AstraZeneca diet to other vaccines due to its efficacy after a small study.

While South Africa’s overall goal was to vaccinate 67% of its 60 million people against polio by February next year, it has so far delivered only 1.3 million of the 30 million doses of the Pfizer vaccine it has purchased. , And another 4.5 million is expected by the end of June. . The country has also ordered 31 million doses of the Johnson and Johnson vaccine, which have not yet arrived.

Latin America and the Caribbean, a region that accounts for only 8% of the world’s population but globally has the same problems with 30% of deaths due to covid 19, and where countries like Peru managed to vaccinate only a few. have been. 5% population.

Governance has also been an issue. In Nepal, the government’s slow, disrespectful and vague purchase of vaccines has exacerbated the crisis in the Himalayan country.

Even India, home to the world’s largest vaccine maker, the Serum Institute, is struggling to produce enough vaccines for its population, making it one of the poorest countries in the world. The food is turned upside down.

The second biggest problem for vaccination programs in the developing world has been logistics. In Malawi, for example, some vaccines expire before they can be used.

Poor countries have inadequate health infrastructure. A WHO survey of the African region in late April found that while some countries have achieved an “ideal rollout” of available vaccines, others have struggled. It said nine countries contributed less than a quarter of their diet and 15 countries consumed less than half.

“Commitment and home rehabilitation are essential,” said Dr. Fiona Ethubi, WHO Africa’s new vaccine introduction officer.

He said: “When the C کوte d’Ivoire asked the Caucasus to receive a vaccine that required extremely cold chains, the government was ready to send a presidential jet and take a kit. Requires commitment.

And as health experts point out, where food delivery campaigns have been most successful – in countries like Angola, which have been best prepared by mapping vulnerable populations, screening people and arranging scheduled appointments in advance. Is.

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