Want to live longer? Follow a plant-based protein diet

Want to live longer? Follow a plant-based protein diet

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New York: If you want to live a healthy, long life, then read on. Researchers have found that diets high in protein, especially plant proteins, are associated with a lower risk of death from any cause.
A diet high in protein, especially protein from plants such as legumes (peas, beans and lentils), whole grains and nuts, is associated with a lower risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
However, regular intake of red meat and high animal protein intake have been linked to a number of health problems, the journal The BMJ has published.
But data on the relationship between different types of proteins and death are conflicting.
Researchers based in Iran and the US are therefore determined to measure the potential dose-response relationship between total, animal, and vegetable protein intake and risk of death from all-cause, heart disease, and cancer.
They reviewed the results of 32 studies that estimated risk for all-cause, heart, and cancer mortality in adults 19 years of age or older.
All studies were well evaluated for bias (problems in study design that may have affected the results).
The mathematical model was then used to compare the effects of the highest versus lowest categories of protein intake, and was analyzed to evaluate the dose – response relationship between protein intake and mortality.
During a follow-up period of up to 32 years, 113,039 deaths (16,429 from heart disease and 22,303 from cancer) occurred in 715,128 participants.
Results suggest that a higher intake of total protein was associated with a lower risk of all-mortality than a lower intake.
Plant protein intake was associated with an eight percent lower risk of all-mortality and 12 percent lower risk of cardiovascular mortality.
The study noted that animal protein intake was not significantly associated with risk of heart disease and cancer death.
A dose-response analysis of data from 31 studies also showed that an additional three percent of energy from plant proteins in a single day was associated with a five percent lower risk of death from all-cause deaths.
“These findings have important public health implications because plant protein intake can be relatively easily increased in place of animal protein and can have a major impact on longevity,” the researchers said.
“While further studies are required, these findings strongly support current dietary recommendations to increase plant protein consumption in the general population.”

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