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When asked to share his views on the report, senior medical oncologist of Hindustan Hospital Khar, Dr. Suresh Advani, who pioneered hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in India, said, “I am not surprised at all! We have been noticing the increase for many years and we have done nothing to prevent the occurrence of cancer. Tobacco-related cancers are estimated to contribute 27% of the total cancer burden in India, yet tobacco is readily available, so are cigarettes. ”
According to data revealed in the National Cancer Registry Program Report 2020, the incidence of cancer in men is estimated to be 679,421 in 2020 and 763,575 in 2025, while in women, it is estimated to be 712,758 in 2020 and 806,218 in 2025. The report further states that oral lung and colorectal cancer were the most common cancers in men.
When we talk about the high incidence of cancer in India, it is also important to know that cancer as a disease mostly affects the senior population. Higher life expectancy means higher cancer rates. Head of Surgical Oncology of Nanavati Hospital, Dr. “Long-term life expectancy contributes to the overall incidence of cancer in India,” explains Sanjay Dudhat. As people age, they are immune and often fall prey to cancer. Simply put, as we get older, our body has more time to allow defects to form and as the body accumulates more of these defects in our genes, the risk of cancer increases significantly is.
Having said that, Drs. Dudhat clarifies that cancer is becoming increasingly prevalent in the younger age group, which is a very worrying trend. “There was a time when I used to see mostly elderly cancer patients but I have recently handled 15 breast cancer cases at the age of 23–30.” It needs to be understood that cancer spreads much faster in the young body than in the elderly. If the current rate continues, we may see a cancer epidemic by 2050.
Specific causes of specific cancers are
There is not a single cause of any cancer, they are multifunctional just like diabetes and heart diseases. Dr. Sujata Mittal, senior gynecologic oncologist and holistic cancer coach, said there are several reasons behind the rise in cancer cases in India. Some of them are due to Western lifestyle, improper dietary habits, dairy (rBGH, FSH, LH in milk production), processed foods, food additives, non-vegetarian diet, chemical pollution, constipation and lack of exercise.
Dr. Mehul Bhansali, Director Surgical Oncology, Jaslok Hospital and Research Center, highlighted the increasing incidence of breast cancer, which is making major contribution to overall cancer numbers in India. “Poor lifestyles, long working hours, increasingly stressful lives, smoking, alcohol consumption, contraceptive use are all contributing to breast cancer cases. In addition, women live longer than men. And also increases the likelihood of getting cancer. ”
Early diagnosis and prevention
Another major reason that we are seeing a rapid increase in the number of cancers is because more cancer screening facilities are available in Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities as well. Regular screening and early diagnosis also increase the chances of fighting the disease.
While we know that an active lifestyle is important to avoid cancer, there are some other non-conciliatory rules – no smoking, no tobacco chewing, avoiding processed foods, daily exercise and last but not least, attention . Dr. Says Dudat, “While we do not have accurate data on the incidence of cancer, there is strong evidence that high blood pressure can cause stress in a person’s body.”
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